The company said it was "undergoing substantial financial stress" and its ability to raise funds was "substantially impaired and the business has been brought to a standstill with there being minimal/virtually no disbursements."
"These developments may raise a significant doubt on the ability of the company to continue as a going concern," it said in notes accompanying results for the fourth quarter ending 31 March, signed by Chairman and Managing Director Kapil Wadhawan.
DHFL posted a net loss of ₹2,223 crore ($324.3 million) during the quarter compared with a profit of ₹134 crore in the same period a year earlier.
DHFL separately announced on Saturday it had defaulted on interest payments worth ₹2,858 crore on non-convertible debentures, due on 6 July and 8 July.
The results are the latest sign of stress in India's banking and shadow lending sectors. The nation's state-owned banks have been burdened with bad debts for several years.
Reforming and restructuring banks and shadow lenders so they can do more to finance economic growth is a major challenge for the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who recently secured a second term in an election landslide.
India's economic growth slipped to 5.8% in the January-March quarter, the lowest quarterly figure in more than four years. DHFL said it was talking to bankers and other lenders on restructuring its borrowings, was in discussions over the sale of its retail and wholesale portfolio, and had also had talks with a potential strategic partner to take a stake.
"The ability of the company to continue as a going concern is predicated upon its ability to monetize its assets, secure funding from the bankers/investors, restructure its liabilities and recommence its operations," it said in the notes.
The results published late on Saturday were unaudited. It was not immediately clear why its auditors had not signed off.
The audit committee had asked the board to submit audited stand-alone and consolidated financial results by 22 July. The firm previously said it had delayed announcing results for the year to 31 March due to "unforeseen operational engagements."
The reported loss was largely due to additional provisions related to an assessment of fair value of its portfolio and for an expected credit loss, the firm said.
Two major credit ratings agencies - ICRA, an affiliate of Moody's Investors Service, and Standard & Poor's local unit Crisil - last month categorised DHFL's commercial paper at default levels for missing bond payments.
The shadow banking sector has been in turmoil since September as Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), one India's largest non-banking financial firms, defaulted, sparking fear of contagion risk. IL&FS' series of debt defaults last year showed much of the sector was highly leveraged.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the country's central bank, is taking a more active role in scrutinising the sector. It said last month that the failure of a large non-banking financial company (NBFC) could cause as much damage as the collapse of a big bank.
Adding to concerns about bad debts, Allahabad Bank on Saturday became the second Indian state-owned bank this month to report a major alleged fraud by bankrupt steelmaker Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd.
Last week, the government announced a fresh capital infusion of about $10 billion into state banks and credit guarantees to support shadow lenders. Tens of billions of dollars of taxpayers' money has gone to the banks in the past four years.
This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.
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