SC bars NCLT from giving approval to Future Retail-Reliance Industries deal2 min read . Updated: 23 Feb 2021, 05:18 AM IST
- The order is a shot in the arm for Amazon, which seeks to stop the ₹24,713 crore deal
- Future is caught in a fight between Amazon and RIL for domination of the Indian retail market
The Supreme Court on Monday restrained the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) from approving the ₹24,713-crore deal between Kishore Biyani’s Future Retail Ltd (FRL) and Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), after Amazon.com Inc. filed a plea before the apex court.
In an interim order in favour of e-commerce giant Amazon, the top court made it clear that the NCLT’s Mumbai bench will not pave the way for the FRL-RIL deal even if Future Group holds a meeting of its creditors and shareholders to clear the proposed amalgamation.
The SC bench comprising Justices Rohinton F. Nariman and B.R. Gavai, also issued notices to Future firms and the Biyanis. The matter will be heard after three weeks.
After FRL’s proposed merger with RIL was approved by the Competition Commission of India and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) had issued a no-objection certificate, the company had approached the Mumbai bench of the NCLT on 26 January.
Monday’s SC order comes as a shot in the arm for Amazon, which seeks to stop the FRL-RIL deal, citing the Singapore International Arbitration Centre’s (SIAC) interim award in October barring Future Retail from taking any step to sell its assets or issuing any securities from a restricted party to secure funding.
Future Group is caught in a fight between Amazon and Mukesh Ambani’s RIL for domination of the Indian retail market, which is set to reach $1.3 trillion by 2025.
An Amazon spokesperson declined to comment, citing that the matter was sub-judice.
The SC bench also observed that the division bench of the Delhi high court shall not proceed with this case since it has already admitted Amazon’s appeal. The case is listed before the high court on Friday.
“According to us, this order (of the high court) seems to have decided the main appeal let alone be just the maintainability at the interim stage itself. At the interim stage, you can’t vacate a stay order without giving adequate reasons... It is obvious they (high court) cannot hear it. You (Amazon’s lawyers) show them our order," the SC said.
The SC bench was also critical of the high court’s 8 February order overturning a previous directive to halt the FRL-RIL deal.
Senior advocates Gopal Subramanium and Ranjit Kumar, appearing for Amazon, sought restoration of status quo on the FRL-RIL deal till all the legal issues are addressed by the apex court.
They also pointed out that the scheme of arrangement for the FRL-RIL deal was now awaiting a nod from the NCLT and shareholders, and therefore, an interim order of restraint was imperative.
While the SC bench was inclined to stay all proceedings at the NCLT, senior advocate Harish Salve, representing FRL, argued that there was no possibility of the NCLT passing any final order of approval under the present circumstances.
He said even if the meeting to consider the amalgamation was to be convened, it will not happen before six weeks and, hence, proceedings before the NCLT were not required to be stayed.
The bench agreed and passed an interim order to the effect that the “NCLT proceedings will be allowed to go on, but will not culminate in a final order on sanction of scheme" till the matter is decided by the SC.