The study that collected data from 150 firms – one third from manufacturing and rest from service economy – said the rise of the gig economy following the pandemic outbreak has potential to boost women’s employment in the formal jobs
New Delhi: Alternative work arrangements in the gig economy can lead to the absorption of more women and increase their participation in the workforce with some re-skilling, according to a new study by the United Nations Development Programme in India (UNDP India) and industry federation Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci).
The rise of the gig economy following the coronavirus outbreak has the potential to boost women’s employment in formal jobs, said the study that collected data from 150 firms, of which one-third were from the manufacturing sector and the remaining were service firms.
“The adoption of new technologies could create better opportunities for women. However, re-skilling will be crucial to expand opportunities for women in the formal sector," said the study that received support from the government of Japan.
The survey claimed that sectors such as health and pharmaceuticals, electrical and electronics, and fast-moving consumer goods are likely to see more female employment. At the same time, women’s employment in the finance and accounting divisions may moderately change because of the adoption of new technology.
“At least 57% of the heads of surveyed firms felt that the advent of the gig economy would boost women’s employment, while just 4% said that it would not. The remaining 39% of the heads of firms surveyed remained inconclusive," according to the study titled Future of Work for Women in the Formal Sector in India.
Around 57% of the surveyed firms agree that the gig economy will itself expand and boost women’s job prospects because it is based on flexible, temporary or freelance jobs, often involving connecting with clients or customers through an online platform.
“This underscores that alternative work arrangements in the gig economy have the potential to absorb more women and increase their participation in the workforce," the study said. However, it did not address the question that gig work is often not a primary assignment and there is no job security. A boost in the use of technology and increased acceptance of virtual working for sales and distribution jobs could open up opportunities for women in fields where interactions are managed via apps and phone calls, it said.