Battery storage to EV finance: What World Bank's $1bn for SBI will support

The World Bank wants the money to go towards accelerating the company's sustainable future needs
The World Bank wants the money to go towards accelerating the company's sustainable future needs

Summary

  • This funding comes at a crucial time where the global crude oil supply might be under duress after various conflicts in the Middle East

NEW DELHI : The World Bank plans to provide a $1 billion line of credit to the State Bank of India (SBI) to support the expansion of Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) and electric mobility in the country, two people aware of the development said, a move that helps India quicken its green energy transition.

The proposal aims to help attract early investments and mobilize private capital and commercial financing. The amount will be disbursed in tranches.

The line of credit will help improve air quality, reduce greenhouse gas (CHG) emissions and reduce dependence on imported fossil fuel in an unpredictable global energy market. This also comes at a time when global crude oil prices have risen after tensions escalated in the Persian Gulf.

Large battery storages or BESS can help India’s electricity grids, given the intermittent nature of electricity from clean energy sources such as solar and wind. The electricity generated by solar and wind projects are stored in large batteries and supplied when required. This assumes significance given that the government’s playbook is to add 50 giga watt (GW) of green energy capacity annually to reach 500 GW renewable capacity by 2030.

“The proposed project is under preparation and the details are being finalized," a World Bank spokesperson said in response to a Mint query. Queries emailed to an SBI spokesperson on Monday evening remained unanswered till press time.

According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), India’s apex power sector planning body, India will need 27GW of grid-scale battery energy storage systems by 2030 with four hours of storage. As part of its energy transition efforts, India is also focusing on the electrification of its economy by greening electricity, which involves a concerted push for green mobility, including EVs. However, limited charging points and the high cost of EVs have deterred buyers so far, limiting adoption.

Experts say such funding by multilateral organizations are required to speed up India’s green energy transition.

“India desperately needs more storage capacity to firm up renewable power output profile. However, battery storage has been slow to take off because of high cost and the lack of domestic expertise across the value chain. While the outlook is brightening up now with falling costs, improving technology and a favourable policy framework, subsidized financing from international financial institutions can provide great impetus through development of pilot projects and contractual templates," said Vinay Rustagi, senior director and head, renewables, CRISIL.

A significant push for electric mobility will also bring about substantive savings for the country, given that the energy import dependent Indian economy is the world’s third largest energy consumer, and also the third largest global crude oil buyer. The government has been pushing EV adoption through schemes such as Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in India, a 25,938 crore production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for the auto sector, including EVs, and a 18,100 crore PLI scheme for advanced chemistry cell, as well as reducing the goods and services tax rate on EVs from 12% to 5% and on charging stations from 18% to 5%. Also, the ministry of road transport and highways has advised states to waive road tax on EVs.

India has an installed renewable energy capacity of 180.79 GW, which includes 73.31 GW solar and 44.73 GW of wind power capacity. Also, India’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC), has committed to achieve 50% of installed power generation capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy sources by 2030.

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