Home / Industry / Energy /  MoHUA signs MoU to develop waste-to-energy and bio-methanation projects in million plus cities

NEW DELHI : The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Engineers India Limited to develop Waste to Energy and bio-methanation projects in cities with a population of million plus as a part of furthering the ‘Green Growth’ agenda. 

The MoU was signed in the presence of Manoj Joshi, Secretary, MoHUA and Vartika Shukla, C&MD, EIL. 

“The thrust on sustainable solid waste management is strengthened under the ambit of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0, with the overall vision of creating garbage-free cities. Focusing on this objective, the ministry has decided to set up large-scale solid waste processing facilities in million plus cities," an official statement said. 

There are 59 million plus cities in India and for management of organic/wet fraction of municipal solid waste bio-methanation plants have been proposed in these million plus cities. 

“In February 2022, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, inaugurated Asia’s biggest municipal solid waste based GOBARdhan plant in Indore aiming to generate 19,000 kg bio-CNG gas. Under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0, the bio-methanation plants linked to the GOBARdhan and SATAT schemes will produce Bio-CNG as a renewable energy," the ministry said. 

Waste to Energy plants use dry waste fraction of municipal solid waste and produce renewable power with maximum reduction of waste volume utilizing least space in execution in compliance with SWM Rules 2016 and fulfill all the statutory norms of environment protection. 

“Waste to Energy and bio-methanation projects will integrate the concept of circularity in waste management by producing green energy from dry and wet waste component of municipal solid waste. The by-product such as electricity and Bio-CNG will also help in achieving sustainability of waste management operations," the ministry added. 

EIL will assist and handhold the million plus cities in developing such projects for larger quantum of waste integrating circularity in waste management. 

“In the first phase, 25 million plus cities will be selected for developing large-scale process plants. The success of these projects will be pivotal as it will be conceptualized and executed as bench-marking for such projects. Thus, collaboration for providing support in preliminary technical assessment and Transaction Advisory services from EIL will have significant impact," the ministry said. 

EIL will also handhold ULBs in carrying out monitoring process of these PPP projects during the construction phase and will assist in obtaining statutory approvals. “The initiative will result in additional processing capacity of 15,000 TPD for Bio-Methanation and 10,000 TPD for Waste to Energy respectively," the ministry added.

Swati Luthra
Swati Luthra writes on climate change, water, environment and forest issues for Mint. A graduate in Psychology, Swati has been mapping India’s policy initiatives to help meet the pledges made at CoP-26 including achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2070.
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