According to PRAAPTI portal, discoms owed a total of ₹33,848 crore to power generation companies in January 2018.
The portal was launched in May 2018 to bring transparency in power purchase transactions between generators and discoms.
In January this year, total overdue amount, which was not cleared even after 60 days of grace period offered by generators, stood at ₹26,052 crore against ₹20,264 crore in same month in 2018.
Power producers give 60 days time to discoms for paying bills for the supply of electricity. After that the outstanding becomes overdue and generators charge penal interest on that in most of the cases.
The data on the portal indicates that the outstanding as well as overdue amount has also increased over the preceding month. In December 2018, the total outstanding on discoms was ₹39,400 crore while the total overdue amount was ₹24,262 crore.
Discoms in Uttar Pradesh (UP), Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Delhi account for the major portion of dues to power generating companies, taking longer duration of up to 610 days to make payments, the portal showed.
Maharasthra tops the list with 610 days to make payments, followed by Rajasthan (608 days), Tamil Nadu (606 days), Madhya Pradesh (593 days), Karnataka (580 days), Uttar Pradesh (575 days) and Delhi (575 days) in that order.
Overdues of public sector thermal power companies amount to over 52 per cent of the total overdue of ₹26,052 crore on discoms. NTPC alone has overdue amount of ₹8,200 crore on discoms, while NHPC has ₹1,596 crore and Damodar Valley Corporation at ₹1,131 crore.
Discoms owe the highest overdue of ₹5,790 crore to Adani Power followed by Bajaj Group-owned Lalitpur Power Generation Company Ltd at ₹1,805 crore and GMR at ₹1,788 crore among private generators.
To address delayed payments by discoms, a high-level committee headed by Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha had recommended that public finance institutions (PFIs), such as REC and PFC, may discount the receivables from discoms and make an upfront payment to the generators. Against that, the PFIs will realise their dues from discoms in due course of time and charge interest for the period of delay in payment by discoms.
In the case of a default by discoms, the PFIs be covered with a tripartite agreement with the Reserve Bank of India and the states, where the RBI can deduct the money directly from the accounts of a state and pay the financial institution.
NTPC has a similar mechanism with the states and the RBI against default by discoms.
The government had constituted a Group of Ministers headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to vet the recommendations of the Sinha Committee.
However, the GoM accepted all recommendations of the panel except related to discounting of discoms bills and reviving gas based stranded power plants.