Home / Markets / Ipo /  Valuable lessons in IPO investing from the fiscal year just gone by

Markets ended FY22 on a positive note and this week fear gauge indicator India VIX eased. Primary markets appear to be bustling again as D-street finds stability. While FY22 was a record year for IPOs, the pace is anticipated to persist in FY23 as well. Thanks to the booming bull market, 74% of the IPOs that struck D-Street in the fiscal that concluded gave excellent listing returns which ranged up to 270%. Having said that, the true beneficiaries of this IPO mania were the PE/VC investors, who managed to cash out a stunning Rs. 827 billion from the Indian primary markets, more than times times of what they pocketed in FY21.

As bull markets bloom, euphoria takes over the primary markets, making it an optimal opportunity for promoters and PE/VC investors to demand extravagant valuations for their companies. Irrationality reigns as a result of the greed for quick money, and all investors rush in to grab a piece of the pie regardless of the price. 

What investors fail to grasp is that when the circumstances reverse, these companies underperform considerably. Although the BSE IPO index beat the Sensex in FY22, it has underperformed by 17% over the last six months. 

In fact, currently, over 60% of the IPOs that came out in FY2021-22 are trading below the listing price and around 40% are trading even below their issue price, thereby depleting the wealth of investors, particularly retail investors. 

Recognizing the pain of retail investors, Sebi has proposed to tighten some regulations associated to anchor investor lock-in, offer for sale criteria, and pricing of new loss-making entities. If there is one takeaway that retail investors should keep in mind from FY22, it should be to resist such hysteria. 

Instead of falling prey to FOMO, they should analyze each IPO on its own strengths, keeping in mind that overpriced ones will most likely be available at a lower price once the frenzy wears off.

Event of the week

Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) deals in India achieved an all-time high in 2021, and this week appeared to set the stage for 2022. Three massive mergers were announced on D-street, including one in the cinema exhibition space that almost gave the merged business a lion's market share. The Street reacted positively to all three news, and the respective stocks rose sharply. It appears that inorganic growth plays and industry consolidation themes have begun dominating. 

In 2021, 60% of the deals were between companies in the same industry. Rather than just growing, the fundamental purpose of such mergers has been to alter a firm, obtain considerable penetration, and scale. Larger corporations, on the other hand, are reshaping their portfolios and expanding into emerging business sectors through inorganic means. While FY22 saw the majority of technology acquisitions, it would be interesting to observe how the pattern plays out in FY23.

Technical Outlook

The market posted a couple of gap-up candles and closed in the green for the week despite rather weak global markets. Post the narrow range-bound trading last week, the Nifty index seemed to have found a cushion around 17,000 levels. With the benchmark successfully breaking above 17,500, the short-term trend continues to be bullish. Thus, we suggest traders maintain a bullish bias targeting a retest of the immediate resistance zone around 17,800 levels. Declines on the downside are likely to remain capped around 17,000 levels.

Expectations for the week

FOMC minutes which will be published next week will influence markets globally. Back home, the RBI's MPC meeting will be the talk of the town, driving market sentiment. Unlike its peers abroad, RBI has thus far prioritized growth over inflation. The shifting macro-dynamics caused by the war, the Fed's planned rate hikes, and the need to foster domestic demand and support the government's increased borrowing indicated in the budget have placed the RBI in a tricky situation and all eyes will be on how the RBI's approach.

These variables, along with the pricing of earnings season expectations, can trigger jittery fluctuations in our markets. Investors are thus encouraged to exercise caution before making any aggressive bets. The Nifty50 closed the week at 17,670.45, up by 3.02%.

Yesha Shah is head of equity research at Samco Securities

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