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Business News/ Market/ Market Stats/     NATURALGAS
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  1. S&P BSE SENSEX
    73,353.85 410.17 (0.56%)
  1. NIFTY 50 D
    Delayed by 15 mins

    22,304.8 156.9 (0.71%)
  1. NIFTY BANK D
    Delayed by 15 mins

    47,669.25 184.45 (0.39%)
  1. S&P BSE MIDCAP
    40,732.52 417.16 (1.03%)
  1. S&P BSE SENSEX
    73,353.85 410.17 (0.56%)
  1. NIFTY 50 D
    Delayed by 15 mins

    22,304.8 156.9 (0.71%)
  1. NIFTY BANK D
    Delayed by 15 mins

    47,669.25 184.45 (0.39%)
  1. S&P BSE MIDCAP
    40,732.52 417.16 (1.03%)

NATURALGAS

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ABOUT NATURAL GAS

Natural gas is an important energy source in India, and is primarily used for power generation, cooking, and transportation. The country has significant domestic reserves of natural gas, and also imports a significant amount of its natural gas requirements.

India's domestic production of natural gas is primarily concentrated in the western and eastern offshore basins, as well as in the states of Assam and Gujarat. The country's largest producer of natural gas is the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), which accounts for around 60% of total domestic production. Other significant domestic producers include Oil India Limited, Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation, and Reliance Industries.

In terms of imports, India primarily sources its natural gas from countries in the Middle East, such as Qatar, and also imports smaller amounts from countries in Central Asia and Africa. The country has a number of liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminals, including the Dabhol terminal in Maharashtra, the Mundra terminal in Gujarat, and the Kochi terminal in Kerala.

Factors affecting the price of Natural Gas in India.

There are several factors that can affect the price of natural gas in India:

Domestic production: The cost of domestic production can have a significant impact on the price of natural gas in India. Factors such as the cost of extraction, transportation, and taxes can all affect the price of domestically produced natural gas.

International market conditions: The price of natural gas in the international market can also impact the price in India. For example, if global demand for natural gas is high, this can drive up the price in India.

Exchange rate: The exchange rate between the Indian rupee and other major currencies can also affect the price of natural gas in India. If the value of the rupee decreases, this can make imports more expensive, leading to an increase in the price of natural gas.

Government policies: Government policies can also impact the price of natural gas in India. For example, the government may set price controls or subsidies, which can affect the price that consumers pay for natural gas.

Infrastructure: The availability and cost of infrastructure, such as pipelines and storage facilities, can also impact the price of natural gas in India. If there are bottlenecks in the transportation of natural gas, this can lead to higher prices.

How to invest in Natural Gas in India?

There are several ways to invest in natural gas in India:

Invest in natural gas companies: One way to invest in natural gas in India is to buy shares of companies involved in the production, exploration, transportation, or distribution of natural gas. This could include oil and gas exploration and production companies, as well as companies involved in the import and distribution of natural gas, such as City Gas Distribution (CGD) companies.

Invest in natural gas infrastructure: Another way to invest in natural gas in India is to invest in infrastructure projects related to the transportation and distribution of natural gas, such as pipelines and storage facilities.

Invest in natural gas exchange-traded funds (ETFs): ETFs are investment vehicles that track a basket of stocks or other securities, and can provide investors with exposure to the natural gas sector. There are several ETFs available that focus on natural gas or the oil and gas sector more broadly.

Invest in natural gas futures and options: Investors can also trade natural gas futures and options on exchanges such as the Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX). This can provide investors with exposure to the price of natural gas, but it is important to note that trading in futures and options carries significant risks and is not suitable for all investors.

Natural gas quality standards in India

In India, the natural gas quality standards are set by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB), which is the regulator for the oil and gas sector in India. The PNGRB has specified the quality standards for natural gas in India in the Gas Pipeline Rules, 2016.

According to the Gas Pipeline Rules, the quality of natural gas should be such that it meets the requirements of the gas user and is fit for the intended use. The natural gas should also meet the following specifications:

Composition: The natural gas should contain at least 90% methane, and the remaining impurities should not exceed the limits specified in the Gas Pipeline Rules.

Odor: The natural gas should have a pungent and unpleasant odor, and the concentration of the odorant should not be less than the minimum level specified in the Gas Pipeline Rules.

Physical properties: The natural gas should meet the specifications for pressure, temperature, and other physical properties as specified in the Gas Pipeline Rules.

Corrosion: The natural gas should not cause corrosion of pipelines or other equipment used for its transportation or distribution.

The PNGRB also specifies the quality standards for LPG (liquified petroleum gas) and PNG (piped natural gas) in India. These standards are intended to ensure that the gas meets the requirements of the end user and is safe for use.

Natural gas exporters to India

India imports a significant amount of its natural gas requirements, and sources its imports from a variety of countries. The main exporters of natural gas to India are:

Qatar: Qatar is the largest supplier of natural gas to India, and supplies a majority of India's imported natural gas in the form of LNG.

United States: The United States is a growing supplier of LNG to India, and is expected to play a larger role in India's natural gas imports in the future.

Australia: Australia is another significant supplier of LNG to India, and has signed long-term supply agreements with Indian companies.

Russia: Russia is a supplier of natural gas to India through the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, which is currently under construction.

Central Asia: Countries in Central Asia, such as Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, also supply natural gas to India through pipelines.

India also imports small amounts of natural gas from other countries in the Middle East, Africa, and South America. The country has a number of LNG import terminals, including the Dabhol terminal in Maharashtra, the Mundra terminal in Gujarat, and the Kochi terminal in Kerala.

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