5 Indian companies with enviable stock portfolios

Companies with large stock portfolios usually trade at a discount. One of the main reasons for this is its diversified portfolio.  Photo: iStock
Companies with large stock portfolios usually trade at a discount. One of the main reasons for this is its diversified portfolio.  Photo: iStock


  • Here’s how you can invest in multiple companies without really investing in multiple companies.

What if I told you that you could invest in 10, 20 or 30 companies by investing in just one?

Sounds too good to be true, isn’t it?

No, I’m not talking about mutual funds.

I’m talking about companies that have investments in other companies.

While some of these are holding companies, others are companies that have built a desirable stock portfolio over the last few years.

Here are 5 of them.


Housing Development Finance Corporation (HDFC) is an Indian financial services company based in Mumbai, India.

The company is a major housing finance provider but has a presence in other industries as well such as banking, insurance, asset management, and venture capital.

The company has earned itself the reputation of a rock-solid financial institution. Not only in India, but the world over.

HDFC together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries, HDFC Investments and HDFC Holdings holds 21.1% of HDFC Bank.

It also has a 49.9% stake in HDFC Life and a 52.7% stake in HDFC AMC.

The total value of its investments in all three entities stands at 2.9 tn as of 1 October 2021.

HDFC plans to list its unlisted subsidiaries such as HDFC Ergo and HDFC Credila in the coming years. It has also committed to investing 1 bn in technology start-ups every year.

Even if a few of them go on to become credible investments for HDFC, they could yield massive returns for investors.

Shares of the company have rallied 53% in the last year. Its total market capitalization stands at approximately 5 tn.

#2 Bajaj Holdings & Investments

Next on the list we have Bajaj Holdings.

Bajaj Holdings Investment (BHIL) is a non-banking finance company (NBFC). The company was formed when Bajaj Auto de-merged in 2007.

The manufacturing business was transferred to Bajaj Auto (BAL) while the wind farm and financial services business was vested with Bajaj Finserv (BFS).

All assets and liabilities of erstwhile Bajaj Auto, other than the manufacturing and financial services business, now remain with BHIL.

BHIL holds a 35.7% stake in Bajaj Auto and a 41.6% stake in Bajaj Finserv. Both companies are market leaders in their respective industries.

The total value of its stake in both companies stands at 1.5 tn as of 1 October 2021.

Bajaj Finserv also holds stakes in Bajaj Allianz Life, Bajaj Allianz General Insurance, Bajaj Finance and Bajaj Financial Solutions.

In the past year, the stock of Bajaj Holdings has nearly doubled or jumped 97% compared to a 53% surge in the benchmark index.

#3 Mahindra & Mahindra 

Third on the list is Mahindra & Mahindra.

Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) is a multinational automobile manufacturing company in India.

The group has a presence across industries such as financial services, hospitality, infrastructure, retail, logistics, and IT.

M&M enjoys a large investment portfolio. The company had 181 subsidiary companies as of 31 March 2021. Some of these are also listed in the stock market. 

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The market values of these investments are significantly higher than their book value, providing a cushion to M&M’s overall financial flexibility.

Mahindra & Mahindra’s stake in the above-mentioned companies is worth 607.8 bn as of 1 October 2021.

Of these, Tech Mahindra is riding the digitization trend. The company has been delivering projects in the areas of digital integration and automation to transform it clients’ businesses and make them digital ready.

Shares of the company have gone up by 31.5% in the last year. Since its listing in 2006, the stock has risen over 3000%.

#4 Tata Investment Corporation

Next on the list is Tata Investment Corporation.

The company is an NBFC that invests in a diversified portfolio of companies.

It was started in 1937, under the name The Investment Corporation of India and remained a closely held company until 1959, when it listed on the stock exchange.

Currently, the company is invested in 70 companies.

It invests in Tata and non-Tata companies, though investments in Tata companies constitute a larger portion of company's portfolio

Here are the names of the listed companies that Tata Investments has a stake in

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The total market value of its listed investments stands at 137.4 bn as of 31 March 2021.

The company has achieved a growth of 12% (CAGR) in the last 15 years, compared to 10% (CAGR) of the BSE 200 index. It has grown its investments by 5.5 times during this period.

Shares of Tata Investment are up 62.2% in the last year. In the last five years, the stock is up 121%. 

#5 Info Edge

Last on the list is Info Edge.

Info Edge (India) is an Indian pure-play internet company, based in Noida. 

The company runs the online job portal, matrimony website, real estate classifieds platform and educational website 

It also has 28% of its assets invested in various companies, directly or through its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

It holds minority stakes in 19 online companies including Zomato and PolicyBazaar.

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Info Edge was one of the early investors of Zomato. It sold 3.3% of its stake in the company during the company’s IPO via an offer for sale.

It currently holds 15.2% which is worth over 150 bn.

It also holds a 14% stake in PB Fintech which is the parent company of PolicyBazaar.

PolicyBazaar has recently filed its papers with the market regulator and plans to raise 600 bn through its initial public offering (IPO). InfoEdge stands to benefit from this as well.

Why you should invest in companies with stock portfolios…

Companies with large stock portfolios usually trade at a discount. One of the main reasons for this is its diversified portfolio. 

As not all subsidiaries of a holding company fare equally well, the poor performers pull down the overall valuation of the holding company.

Such companies are also less volatile

This is because of their high promoter holding and limited liquidity in the market. This also means that they may not see a sustained rally. However, there are exceptions.

While the above reasons make a pressing argument for investing in such companies, like any other investment, one must look beyond the discount. 

To exercise caution, investors can bet on holding companies with only limited subsidiaries in their portfolios. They should also take into account the quality of holding companies’ management.

This article is syndicated from


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