Home / Markets / Stock Markets /  Operational improvements boosting prospects for Coal India

MUMBAI: Shares of Coal India may have come off their 52-week highs, seen recently, in line with the weakness in broader markets, but returns for investors in 2022 still stand at more than 47%.

As coal demand in the country remains strong, Coal India’s fortunes are being led by improving operating performance. Added to good domestic demand are firm global prices, which have helped realisations at the company’s e-auctions, thereby boosting earnings outlook.

Coal India has also been impressing with its output growth, having already produced 159.75 million tonne during Q1 (April-June), up 28.8% year-on-year, with the momentum continuing into Q2.

Coal production during April-August stood at 253.3 million tonne, up 21.1% year-on-year. Even sales volumes which had grown at more than 10% during Q1, rose 9.1% during April- August, despite some supply bottlenecks due to monsoons, said analysts. Production rose 8.5% year-on-year in August.

Adding to the earnings prospects are strong coal prices, worldwide. The global benchmark--South African thermal coal--had crossed its all-time high of around $200 per tonne, which was seen in October 2021, and peaked at around $300 per tonne in April 2022 before settling at $285 per ton in June 2022, suggests CareEdge Research data.

As a result, Coal India saw e-auction realisations at 4,339.97 a tonne during Q1, up 176.6% year-on-year and 78.3% sequentially, and is likely to continue benefitting.

Analysts at Elara Securities India Pvt Ltd said that high domestic coal demand due to increased thermal power plant load factor (PLF) and elevated international coal prices resulted in higher e-auction premiums. All these together reaffirm that Coal India may continue to post better growth in the subsequent quarters on volumes/prices., added analysts.

Those at Axis Securities Ltd. said, “We foresee some moderation in the peak e-auction prices in the coming quarters but expect the prices to remain elevated backed by strong power demand and high international coal prices."

Analysts have been upgrading their volume estimates for Coal India, too. Axis Securities has revised its sales volume estimate to 700 million tonne from 690 million tonne for FY23. The company had produced about 622.6 million tonne of coal during FY22, with sales at 662.3 million tonne.

Rising volumes and better e-auction realisations will also likely drive-up earnings. During Q1, Ebitda improved significantly by 153% y-o-y and 35% sequentially, aided by growth in the top line and also helped by lower employee expenses - down 3% y-o-y and 7% sequentially, respectively. The company reported an attributable net profit of 8,833 crore, up 179% on year, and 32% sequentially.

Moving forward, analysts at Elara estimated net profits to grow 84% y-o-y in FY23.

They also said that overall pricing will outpace wage growth due to strong prices at e-auctions. The concern about the rise in wages impacting forward earnings, therefore, stands resolved.

The rising net profits will also mean a higher dividend yield for investors. Analysts at Motilal Oswal Financial Services expect a 10% dividend yield at the current market price, as they forecast strong earnings to result in healthy dividends going forward.


Ujjval Jauhari

Ujjval Jauhari is a deputy editor at Mint, with over a decade of experience in newspapers and digital news platforms. He is skilled in storytelling, reporting, analysing and writing about stocks, investment ideas, markets, corporates and more. He is based in New Delhi.
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