The Indian rupee (INR) today fell sharply against the US dollar (USD) today to slide past the 72-a-dollar mark again. Weak GDP data and a broad strengthening of the US dollar weighed on the Indian rupee. Further, a sharp fall in domestic stock market also put pressure on the rupee. The Sensex fell about 800 points - its biggest fall of this year. Opening at 71.97 a dollar, the rupee fell to 72.41 at the day’s low. It closed near day's low at 72.39 a dollar - its lowest in 10 months - as compared to the previous close of 71.40. The rupee’s weakness, however, sent gold and silver prices higher in domestic markets today.
Here are 5 things to know about rupee dollar trade today:
1) Rupee was under pressure after data released on Friday showed India’s GDP growth falling to an over six-year low of 5% in the June quarter. Another private survey released on Monday showed India's manufacturing sector hitting its slowest rate of growth in 15 months in August as demand and output grew at their weakest pace in a year. The Nikkei Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index, compiled by IHS Markit, declined to 51.4 in August from July's 52.5, its weakest since May 2018. However, it has remained above the 50-mark, separating growth from contraction for more than two years.
2) Weak GDP data weighed on Indian assets, including the rupee today, said forex advisory firm IFA Global. “Though a lot of weakness was already factored in, the GDP print came in way lower than even the most pessimistic of estimates," it added.
3) A stronger dollar also weighed on the rupee today. The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of six major currencies, was up nearly 0.4%, having climbed to a more than a two-year high.
4) Forex traders are looking ahead to comments from New York Fed’s John Williams on Wednesday and Fed chair Jerome Powell on Friday. The US jobs report is also due on Friday. The US Fed in July cut its interest rate for the first time this decade and traders expect another cut later this month amid global slowdown concerns.
5) The rupee is down about 3.5% against the US dollar so far this year amid outflows from domestic capital markets over slowdown concerns. Broad outflows from emerging market assets also hurt the rupee. The rupee marked the worst monthly loss in August in six years against the US dollar amid foreign fund outflows and a weaker domestic macro environment, says HDFC Securities in a note. Foreign funds withdrew $2.28 billion from domestic equity and bought $1.51 billion in the debt market in the month of August, it added.