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Initial public offerings (IPO) are a rage with investors. This is because they believe that IPOs have the potential to bring in big returns in the long term.

In 2021, India witnessed a slew of IPOs driven by positive investor sentiment. A total of 1.3 trillion (tn) in funds was raised from just IPOs last year.

But the same momentum couldn't continue this year. So far, only a total of 618.5 billion (bn) worth of funds have been raised through IPOs, which is less than half of what the market witnessed last year.

The slowdown in IPOs was mainly due to weak investor sentiment amid high market volatility led by geopolitical tensions and weak macroeconomic indicators.

But with markets recovering, the IPO rush is all set to begin again. Here are five IPOs that could hit the markets in 2023.

#1 Oravel Stays (OYO)

First on our list is Oravel Stays, popularly known as OYO.

OYO is a new-age technology platform focussing on short-stay accommodation. It was developed to address the pain points on the supply and demand side by bridging the gap between the two in the hospitality industry.

The company has the largest footprint of over 157,000 hotel storefronts in India and overseas. It offers over 40 products and services to its partners and customers across 35 countries.

So far, OYO has raised around US$4 bn ( 324.8 bn) through 19 rounds of funds.

The company filed its draft red herring prospectus (DRHP) in October 2021 and had planned to launch its IPO in 2022.

However, due to volatile market conditions and bearish market sentiment, OYO postponed its IPO, worrying that its valuation might be affected.

According to the prospects, it plans to raise 84.3 bn out of which 70 bn will be from fresh issues and the remaining 14.3 bn through stake sale by existing investors.

The company plans to use the funds for repaying debts and funding its growth plans.

The hotel industry was affected by the pandemic and so was OYO’s business. As a result, in the last three years, the company’s revenue has fallen by an average of 28.7%. However, revenge travel helped the company revive its business, and in the last year, its revenue grew by 20.7% year-on-year (YoY).

The company’s net loss has also been narrowing. In the financial year 2022, it reported a net loss of 19 bn, as against 39 bn the previous year.

OYO is a much anticipated and much-awaited IPO in India and will be one of the biggest IPOs in 2023.

#2 Byju’s

Second on our list is the largest ed-tech company, Byju’s.

It is a learning platform with over 50 m registered students and over 3.5 m paid subscriptions.

The company offers its customers personalized learning, technology-enabled learning, and the best teachers and engaging content for private learning.

In the last five years, the company has grown through acquisitions and has acquired companies such as Epic, Osmo, and Aakash educational services.

Apart from diversified product offers, the company also enjoys a high customer retention rate.

Byju’s revenue has grown at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 21.2% in the last three years. In the financial year 2022, it reported gross revenue of 100 bn as against 22.8 bn in the financial year 2021.

The company's net loss also widened in the last three years, which, according to the company, was mainly because of a change in revenue recognition policy.

Byju’s is planning to go for an IPO in 2023, but it is now finalizing IPO plans of US$1 bn ( 81.39 bn) for its tutoring arm, Aakash Educational Services.

So far, Byju’s has raised US$5.5 bn ( 447 bn) from investors such as Qatar Investment Authority, Tiger Global, and BlackRock.

#3 Swiggy

Next on our list is Swiggy.

It is an online food ordering and delivery platform. It was established in 2014 in Bangalore and currently serves over 500 cities in India.

Apart from food delivery, Swiggy delivers groceries and packages through Swiggy Instamart and Genie. It has also launched a loyalty program in 2021 to offer special discounts to its customers.

Currently, the company has partnerships with more than 150 thousand restaurants and has a strong fleet of over 260 thousand delivery executives delivering food to its users.

Recently, it also acquired Dineout, a leading dining-out and restaurant tech platform.

In the last three years, the company's revenue grew at a CAGR of 25.4%, driven by higher orders. Its losses also narrowed by over 7 bn during the same time.

Swiggy plans to raise around US$1 bn ( 81.31 bn) through IPO in 2023. It was already gearing up for an IPO and hired JP Morgan and ICICI Securities to run its books.

The company will hire more merchant banks to run the process in the coming few days. So far, the company has raised around US$3.6 bn ( 292.71 bn) in 15 rounds of funding.

Going forward, the company aims to increase its consumer base to 100 m and accelerate the digital transformation in the food industry.

#4 Go First

Fourth on our list is Go First (formerly Go Air), an ultra-low-cost carrier in India.

It is part of the Wadia Group, the parent company to the famous Bombay Dyeing and Britannia Company.

Founded in 2005, Go First carried over 80 m passengers across 39 destinations, including ten international destinations.

The company's fleet comprises 57 aircraft and has ordered another 94, which it expects to take delivery soon.

It is one of the fastest-growing airline companies, with a market share of 10.8% in 2020.

In the last three years, its revenue has grown at a CAGR of 16.4%. However, its net loss widened mainly due to the rising fuel costs. The company filed its DRHP in May 2021 and planned to launch its IPO in early 2022. However, the company delayed the IPO because of weak consumer sentiment around aviation stocks. Its DRHP also expired in August 2022, requiring the company to re-file for the IPO.

Go First plans to raise funds worth 36 bn through an IPO. The company plans to use the funds to repay its debt and other obligations.

Going forward, it aims to launch its IPO in 2023 and grow its market share through its ultra-low-cost carrier model.

#5 Hosana Consumer

Last on our list is a natural beauty and personal care company, Hosana Consumer, popularly known as Mamaearth.

Founded in 2016 as a baby care brand, Mamaearth is now a beauty and skincare brand which operates in India, South East Asia, and the Middle East. The company operates as an omnichannel brand and sells its products online and offline.

The company acquired and nurtured several brands in its eight years of existence, such as Dr Seth, The Derma Co, BBLUNT, and Momspresso.

In the last three years, the company’s revenue grew at a CAGR of 105%. The company also turned profitable in the financial year 2022 and reported a profit of 198 m against a loss of 13.3 bn the previous year.

The company announced its plans to raise US$300 m ( 24.39 bn) through IPO in 2023 and will soon draft its prospectus. It plans to use the funds to set up offline stores across the country.

So far, Mamaearth has raised a total of US$111.6 mn ( 9.07 bn) in funding over eight rounds from investors such as Sequoia India, Stellaris Ventures, and Fireside Ventures.

To conclude…

Investing in an IPO is like investing in any other business. So before you plan to invest in an IPO, check the company's fundamentals and prospects.

However, for an unproven-businesses, a product or service with great potential is not enough. You need to give extra weightage to the quality of management and founders.

You must spend enough time with them to assess their vision, thought process, and execution abilities.

Only once you have a 360-degree view of the business, should you go ahead and invest in one.

Disclaimer: This article is for information purposes only. It is not a stock recommendation and should not be treated as such.

This article is syndicated from Equitymaster.com

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