How a language named after India came to be spoken in Pakistan
Hindko is an Indo-Aryan tongue closely related to Punjabi
In Vol. 8 (Part I) of the Linguistic Survey of India, published in 1919, George Abraham Grierson, the survey’s guiding light, presented in detail the particulars of a language he called Lahnda. He delineated its geographical spread and identified it as being spoken in the area that now falls in Pakistani Punjab or, more accurately, West Punjab. He was also at pains to distinguish it from its eastern cousin, Punjabi. The south and west of Lahnda territory he identified as the Seraiki region (though he didn’t use the word Seraiki, his description of the tongue matches it), and the northern half as the Hindko region. This was the area, he stated, where the “language of the Hindus" (that is what he interpreted Hindko to mean) was spoken. Hindko, Grierson stated, was the main language of the Hazara division and was also spoken in Peshawar.