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Wednesday, 01 Dec 2021
Crypto Notes
A weekly newsletter decoding crypto, blockchain and the entire ecosystem.
By Rohas Nagpal
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All about Terra (LUNA)

Over the last few weeks, we discussed Dogecoin (DOGE), Cardano (ADA), Binance Coin (BNB), Solana (SOL), Bitcoin (BTC), Ether (ETH), Filecoin (FIL), Polkadot (DOT), Polygon (MATIC), Chainlink (LINK), Theta, Chiliz (CHZ), Avalanche (AVAX), the top Metaverse cryptos, and the top DeFi protocols. This week we take on Terra (LUNA).

     

Let's start with some interesting crypto news.

Google has warned that crypto miners are using compromised cloud accounts. 86% of recently compromised Google Cloud accounts were used to perform cryptocurrency mining.

Uncontrolled electricity consumption by massive crypto mining farms is being blamed for Kazakhstan's energy problem. Last month, 3 of its major power plants underwent an emergency shutdown.

The Crypto industry is awaiting the "Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill 2021" which is expected to be introduced in the Parliament this session.

Should cryptocurrencies be regulated in India?

If yes, how should they be regulated? These are the 2 questions that are all over the news today.

We live in a world with 13,000+ cryptos with a market capitalization north of $2 trillion. There are hundreds of billions locked up in DeFi (Decentralized Finance) applications.

The use of cryptocurrencies in darknet markets, money laundering, ransomware, and terrorism financing is growing. Fraud and theft on decentralized finance platforms are massive and have exceeded $10.5 billion in 2021.

There is no doubt that cryptocurrencies must be regulated. In my opinion, India must define and regulate cryptos based on what they "do" and not based on what they "are". Contrary to popular belief, most cryptos are not "currencies". The most basic categories of cryptos are:

1. Ready money cryptos - These are "pseudo-anonymous" cryptos like Bitcoin and also fiat-pegged stablecoins like USDT. These should be regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under a special law.

2. Privacy coins - These are "anonymous cryptos", like Monero, and the most misused. They should be banned.

3. Utility coins - These power specific projects, applications, or blockchains e.g. ETH and should be regulated by the RBI as pre-paid instruments.

4. Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) - These should be regulated by the Intellectual Property regulators – copyright, trademark, patent, etc.

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1. What is Terra (LUNA)?

Name: Terra

Symbol: LUNA

Overview:

Terra is the 5th largest Decentralised Finance (DeFi) blockchain - after Ethereum, Binance, Solana, and Avalanche. The total value locked (TVL) in Terra is almost $11 billion.

The top 5 DeFi protocols that run on Terra are:

Anchor (ANC)

Lido (LDO)

Mirror (MIR)

Terraswap

Pylon Protocol (MINE)

Terra is an open-source public blockchain protocol for algorithmic stablecoins. It enables the creation of fiat-pegged stablecoins that can be spent, saved, traded, or exchanged on the Terra blockchain.

The protocol consists of 2 main tokens:

Terra stablecoins: These are stablecoins that are minted by burning Luna.

Luna: This is the protocol's native staking token that is used for governance and in mining.

2. Metrics

As of 30 November, its core metrics are:

Price metrics

Current Price $ 53.59
All-time high (Nov 08, 2021) $ 54.77
All-time low (Mar 13, 2020) $ 0.1199

Supply metrics:

Circulating supply 392 million LUNA
Total supply 868 million LUNA
Maximum supply NA

Note:

Circulating Supply is the number of coins / tokens in public hands.

Total Supply is the number of coins / tokens created minus the number burned.

Maximum Supply is the maximum amount of this crypto that can ever exist

Figures have been rounded off for convenience

Marketcap & Volume metrics:

Market Cap: $ 21 billion
Fully Diluted Market Cap: $ 46 billion
Volume (24h): $ 1.5 billion
Volume / market cap ratio: 0.07

Note:

Market cap = Current Price x Circulating Supply

Fully Diluted Market Cap is the market cap if the maximum supply was in circulation

Volume (24h) is the fiat value of this crypto traded over the last 24 hours

Volume / market cap ratio = 24h Volume / Marketcap

Figures have been rounded off for convenience

3. Wallets

Trust Wallet is popularly used for Terra (LUNA).

Note: The data/graphs are from CoinMarketCap, Messari, and Future Money Wallet and may be rounded off.

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The author is an amateur boxer, a blockchain architect, a Tintinologist and a retired hacker.

     

Written by Rohas Nagpal. Produced by Nirmalya Dutta. Send in your feedback to newsletters@livemint.com.

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