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Business News/ Money / How is a demat account different from a bank account? Here are the key distinctions
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How is a demat account different from a bank account? Here are the key distinctions

A demat account and a bank account serve different purposes and have distinct features. Let's take a look at how they differ.

A demat account and a bank account serve different purposes and have distinct features. Premium
A demat account and a bank account serve different purposes and have distinct features.

In the realm of the stock market, several types of accounts play crucial roles. Among them, the demat account holds significant importance. Alongside the demat account, traders commonly utilise a trading account and a bank account. Understanding the functions of each account provides clarity on the workings of trading, particularly in discerning the disparities between a demat account and a bank account.

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A bank account serves as a financial repository managed by a bank or financial institution, where transactions such as deposits, withdrawals, and transfers are recorded. It offers a secure means of storing funds with convenient accessibility.

On the other hand, a demat account serves as a secure digital vault for holding various securities. It stores securities in electronic format, a process known as dematerialisation, effectively converting physical shares into digital assets. The demat account revolutionised the stock market by streamlining the storage of securities and facilitating swift share transfers, thus eliminating the need for physical share certificates.

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Demat Account: All you need to know about off-market transfer

A demat account and a bank account serve different purposes and have distinct features. Here's how they differ:

Purpose

Demat Account: A demat account is primarily used for holding and trading securities such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) in electronic form. It allows investor to buy, sell, and transfer securities seamlessly.

Bank Account: A bank account is used for storing and managing money. It facilitates various financial transactions such as deposits, withdrawals, transfers, bill payments, and online transactions.

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Types of Assets Held

Demat Account: Securities held in a demat account are in electronic or digital form. These include stocks, bonds, debentures, mutual fund units, government securities, and other financial instruments.

Bank Account: Bank accounts hold funds in the form of cash, which can be deposited, withdrawn, or transferred as required. Some bank accounts may also hold fixed deposits, savings certificates, or other financial products offered by the bank.

Read here: Can you link multiple trading accounts to your demat account?

Regulatory Authority

Demat Account: Demat accounts are regulated by securities market regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in India. Depositories like the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL) oversee the functioning of demat accounts.

Bank Account: Bank accounts are regulated by banking regulators such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in India. Commercial banks, cooperative banks, and other financial institutions offer bank accounts and are responsible for their operation and compliance with regulatory guidelines.

Transactions

Demat Account: Transactions in a demat account involve buying, selling, and transferring securities. Investors can trade securities on stock exchanges through their demat accounts.

Bank Account: Transactions in a bank account involve deposits, withdrawals, transfers, and payments. Customers can use various channels such as ATMs, online banking, mobile banking, and cheques to conduct banking transactions.

Read here: Demat: How does share transfer work in case account holder passes away?

Interest and Returns

Demat Account: Demat accounts do not generate interest or returns on the securities held in the account. Returns are generated based on the performance of the securities held.

Bank Account: Bank accounts may earn interest on the funds deposited, depending on the type of account and prevailing interest rates. Some bank accounts also offer rewards or cashback on transactions.

In summary, while both demat accounts and bank accounts are financial tools for managing assets, they cater to different types of assets and financial transactions, each serving its distinct purpose in the overall financial ecosystem.

Read here: Demat account: How to invest in international stocks? Here are 4 ways

FAQs

What is the primary purpose of a demat account compared to a bank account?

A demat account is primarily used for holding and managing securities such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds in electronic form, while a bank account is used for storing and managing funds in the form of cash.

Who regulates demat accounts and bank accounts?

Demat accounts are regulated by securities market regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in India, while bank accounts are regulated by banking regulators such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

What types of assets are held in a demat account versus a bank account?

A demat account holds securities like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other financial instruments in electronic format, whereas a bank account holds funds in the form of cash and may also hold other financial products like fixed deposits or savings certificates.

Read here: Demat account: 10 common mistakes to avoid while investing in stock market

Do demat accounts and bank accounts earn interest?

Demat accounts do not earn interest on the securities held, whereas bank accounts may earn interest on the funds deposited, depending on the type of account and prevailing interest rates.

How are the security features different between a demat account and a bank account?

While both accounts offer security features, a demat account focuses on safeguarding electronic securities through encryption and authentication mechanisms, whereas a bank account focuses on protecting funds through secure login credentials and transaction verification methods.

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Published: 08 Apr 2024, 06:42 PM IST
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