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Business News/ Money / Personal Finance/  Demystifying your Salary Slip

Demystifying your Salary Slip

A salary slip, also known as a payslip, is a monthly document delivered by an employer to its employees. A pay stub is a precise account of an employee's pay and deductions for a specific time period. Continue reading to gain a better understanding!

Demystifying your Salary Slip (Image by Steve Buissinne from Pixabay)Premium
Demystifying your Salary Slip (Image by Steve Buissinne from Pixabay)

An income slip is a document issued to a worker by a company. HRA, EPF deduction, Bonus, and Leave Tour Allowance are all included in the total income. All of this qualifies you for tax deductions under section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

Basic components of ‘Income Part’ of the salary slip

Basic salary

It accounts for 35-50 per cent of total income and is the most important element of the income statement. This is a fixed component of your salary that is used to compute HRA, EPF, Gratuity, and other benefits. You have the entire quantity in your hands, and it is taxed.

House rent allowance

Those who are salaried and live in rented housing can claim tax breaks in the form of a dwelling hire allowance. There is a method for calculating house rent allowance that involves using the Income Tax Department of India. In order to qualify for the HRA exemption, a salaried individual must submit the owner's PAN card information while filing their income tax return if their earnings exceed $1 lakh. If you don't put it up, you could not be eligible for an HRA exemption.

Allowance for house rent tax deductions are available in the following ways:

  • Actual HRA obtained.
  • 50% (Basic Salary DA) for metropolis inhabitants and 40% for non-metropolis residents.
  • Actual hire paid receives a deduction of 10% of the principal income.

Leave travel allowance

Salaried employees are eligible for a tax HSBC exemption if they travel within India as part of their depart tour allowance.

  • If you travel with your children, spouse, or parents, you will be excluded from paying for the trip. It's a good idea to connect all of the tour payments to the organisation first before submitting an income tax return.
  • Only if you travel outside of your resident metropolis will you be eligible for this exemption.
  • State Street is a street in New York City. The exemption is also only valid for two travels taken in a period of four calendar years.

Medical allowance

This allowance is generally constant at Rs. 1,250 per month (Rs. 15,000 per year) - the maximum amount you can claim as reimbursement.

  • Earnings tax might be saved on clinical allowance.
  • However, the worker only receives this amount as proof when submitting clinical compensation.
  • If you don't have confirmation of clinical payments, you can still claim the allowance, but it will be completely taxed.

Conveyance/Transport allowance

If your company does not offer you lost transportation, this amount is provided.

  • Most organisations limit this at Rs. 1,600 per month (Rs. 19,200 per year), which is the maximum amount that can be deducted from taxes.
  • Conveyance allowance is the amount of money a company can pay a worker to travel to and from work. It's a concession.
  • As a result, it is tax-free up to a certain amount.


Bonuses are usually provided twice a year at the most. All bonuses received are fully taxable earnings.

  • The overall performance incentive you receive as a result of using the company is linked to your appraisal ratings.
  • It is determined entirely on the basis of an employee's overall performance over the course of a year, in accordance with the company's policies and guidelines.

HRA, EPF deduction, Bonus, and leave travel allowance are all included in the gross compensation. All of this qualifies you for tax deductions under section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

Basic components of the ‘Deduction Part’ of the Salary Slip

Employee contribution to provident fund

It is a form of government effort aimed at providing social security to Indian citizens. The government allows a tax deduction for EPF contributions deducted from a worker's gross income on an annual basis. Every company with more than 20 employees is required to make a contribution under the EPF Act, which was enacted in 1952.

  • It is a retirement scheme in which employees and employers must contribute 12% more to the workers' provident and pension funds.
  • The employees’ pension scheme receives 8.33% of the worker's contributions.
  • Normally, the organisation's contribution is only displayed on your offer letter, not on your payslip.

Tax deducted at source

The company deducts the amount under this category on behalf of the income tax department, depending entirely on the general tax slab.

This amount can be reduced if suitable funding arrangements are in place. Investing wisely in tax-exempt assets such as fairness funds (ELSS), PPF, NPS, and tax-saving FDs can be quite beneficial.

Professional bank HSBC

It is a minor tax imposed on income professionals by using kingdom governments.

  • BARC is only available in a few states.
  • It is tasked with obtaining permission from the state authorities to practise a specific profession.
  • It is deducted from taxable earnings and is subject to the gross tax slab.

Loan Advances and Insurance

If you have taken out a loan or a boost from your company, monthly payments may be deducted.

To sum it up, employees might receive a tangible copy of this document or it can be mailed to them. Employees can view and print salary slips in pdf format. A corporation is also required by law to give a payslip to its employees on a regular basis as documentation of wage payments and deductions.

The components of the Income/Earnings side of the salary statement are as follows:

  • Basic Salary
  • Dearness Allowance
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Conveyance Allowance
  • Medical Allowance
  • Special Allowance

The following items are included in the deductions section of the salary statement:

  • Professional tax
  • Tax Deducted at Source
  • Employee Provident Fund

Remember! Thorough knowledge is the key to better financial health.

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Published: 03 Mar 2022, 09:52 PM IST
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