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Business News/ Money / Personal Finance/  How can a simple 'Credit Utilization Ratio' impact your borrowing power in India? An explainer
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How can a simple 'Credit Utilization Ratio' impact your borrowing power in India? An explainer

The credit utilization ratio, commonly referred to as the balance-to-limit ratio, is a fundamental metric that assesses the extent to which you are utilizing your available credit.

The credit utilization ratio, commonly referred to as the balance-to-limit ratio, is a fundamental metric that assesses the extent to which you are utilizing your available credit.Premium
The credit utilization ratio, commonly referred to as the balance-to-limit ratio, is a fundamental metric that assesses the extent to which you are utilizing your available credit.

In the world of managing your money, there's something important you should know about – it's called the "credit utilization ratio." This may sound a bit fancy, but it's a really useful thing to understand when it comes to your finances.

Imagine you have a bucket of credit, like money you can borrow. The credit utilization ratio is like how much water you take out of that bucket. If you use a lot of the water in relation to how much you have, that's a high credit utilization ratio. But if you use only a little water compared to what's in the bucket, that's a low ratio.

Why does this matter?

Well, when you borrow money or use credit, like with credit cards, the ratio of how much you're using compared to how much you could use affects how banks and lenders see you.

If your ratio is high, it might seem like you're relying too much on credit and could be a risk. But if it's low, it shows you're not using too much of your available credit, which is good.

Let us understand it in detail.

What is credit utilization ratio?

The credit utilization ratio, commonly referred to as the balance-to-limit ratio, is a fundamental metric that assesses the extent to which you are utilizing your available credit. In simple terms, it represents the percentage of your credit limit that is currently being used.

This ratio holds immense significance within the realm of credit management in India, as it offers insights into your credit behavior and directly impacts your overall creditworthiness.

Imagine your credit limit as a reservoir of financial resources at your disposal. The credit utilization ratio reflects how much of this reservoir you have tapped into at any given time. Striking a healthy balance between the credit you utilize and the credit available to you is crucial for showcasing your ability to manage credit responsibly.

What is the significance of credit utilization ratio?

Suppose you possess a credit card with a limit of ₹50,000 and your current outstanding balance stands at ₹15,000. In this scenario, your credit utilization ratio would be calculated as follows:

(15,000 / 50,000) * 100 = 30%

This figure conveys the proportion of your available credit that you are utilizing. Lenders and credit bureaus pay close attention to this metric, as it offers them valuable insights into your financial discipline and your capability to manage credit obligations.

READ MORE: Should you be concerned about your credit score if your credit card application is rejected?

A lower credit utilization ratio is typically associated with responsible financial behavior, contributing positively to your credit score. Conversely, a higher ratio might raise concerns about potential financial strain or excessive reliance on credit, potentially affecting your credit score.

Beyond the numerical value, the credit utilization ratio serves as a vital indicator of your credit health in the financial landscape. It offers valuable insights to lenders about your ability to manage credit responsibly and maintain financial stability.

A lower ratio not only showcases prudent financial habits but can also unlock better borrowing opportunities and more favorable lending terms within the country’s diverse financial market.

How to manage a healthy credit utilization ratio?

Regular monitoring

It is always advised to watch your credit card balances and credit limits. By regularly checking your credit utilization ratio, you can ensure it stays in a healthy range. This helps you keep your finances on track and prevents any surprises.

Timely repayment

Paying your credit card bills on time and in full is like winning a gold star for responsible credit management. It's not just a good habit; it's a smart move. Timely repayments contribute to a positive credit utilization ratio and demonstrate your financial reliability.

Balance distribution

Spread out your expenses like toppings on a pizza. Using different credit cards for different purchases can help you maintain low and manageable utilization ratios for each card. This balanced approach shows lenders that you're not overly reliant on one source of credit.

Credit limit increases

Asking for higher credit limits from your credit card issuers can automatically lower your credit utilization ratio. It's like having more space to enjoy your financial choices without maxing out your credit.

Strategic debt repayment

Tackling your debts smartly is like solving a puzzle. If you have high balances, prioritize paying off credit cards with high utilization or those charging higher interest rates. This focused approach optimizes your credit utilization ratio and helps you pay off debts efficiently.

In India, where credit matters, these strategies hold the key to a strong financial foundation. By following these steps, you can master your credit utilization ratio, show lenders you're a trustworthy borrower, and pave the way for better financial opportunities.

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Higher the credit score, easier it is to procure a loan
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Higher the credit score, easier it is to procure a loan

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Published: 22 Aug 2023, 08:52 AM IST
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