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Business News/ Money / Personal Finance/  How do I invest in mutual funds, diversify investment portfolio?
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How do I invest in mutual funds, diversify investment portfolio?

It is important to align the investment avenues with the time horizon of your goals or you will not be making the most from your investments.

When you invest in equity mutual funds, the money is invested in the stock market which does carry risk.Premium
When you invest in equity mutual funds, the money is invested in the stock market which does carry risk.

I am 36 years old and work in the IT sector, as does my wife, aged 34. We have a two-year-old daughter. We have so far been investing in both public provident fund, employee provident fund and bank fixed deposits, which we consider as safe options. We also have a home loan for which we are paying EMIs of 68,000. We save close to 80,000 every month for our retirement and daughter’s education. We would like to invest in mutual funds. How do we go about with this?

—Name withheld on request

Your investment pattern shows low appetite for risks, whereas you have a long time to build a portfolio for your goals. It is important to align the investment avenues with the time horizon of your goals or you will not be making the most from your investments. For example, if you plan to invest 30,000 every month for the next 14 years in PPF for your daughter’s education and if this investment grows by 7.5% per annum (p.a.), you will be able to accumulate a corpus of 88 lakh. However, if you invest the same amount in equity mutual funds, you will be able to accumulate 1.05 crore if the investment grows at an average of 10% p.a., or even 1.22 crore if it grows by an average of 12% p.a. Hence, aligning the time horizon of goals and investment avenues matters a lot in financial planning.

While this is about the return potential, it is equally important to look at the potential risk too. When you invest in equity mutual funds, the money is invested in the stock market which does carry risk. But, one of the biggest advantages of mutual funds is that they are managed by experienced and professional fund managers. They also diversify their portfolio across different companies and sectors to reduce the risk.

Another important point on stock market investing is that the possibility of making negative returns or losing capital is nearly zero when you stay invested for more than five years. The shorter the time horizon, the higher the risk, hence stock market investing is always for the long term.

Looking at your goals, they are all long-term in nature and you both should certainly consider investing in equity mutual funds. It would have been helpful if more information was available on the amount set aside for each financial goal. You can consult a financial planner or adviser to decide on this.

Harshad Chetanwala is co-founder, mywealthgrowth.

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Published: 03 Jan 2024, 07:44 PM IST
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