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Business News/ Money / Personal Finance/  How you can unlock the potential of informed diversification strategies

Diversifying your investment portfolio is a crucial step in mitigating risk and maximizing returns. As advisors, we understand the importance of smart diversification strategies. There are different ways in which you can effectively diversify your investment portfolio, considering various factors such as risk tolerance, asset allocation, sector and geographic diversification, as well as ongoing monitoring. By following these strategies, you can make informed decisions and optimize your investment portfolio.

Understand your risk profile: Before diving into diversification, it is crucial to understand your risk profile. Assessing your risk tolerance will help you determine the appropriate allocation of assets in your portfolio. Some investors may be comfortable with a higher risk appetite, while others may prefer a more conservative approach. So, align your investment choices with your risk profile to ensure a diversified portfolio that you are comfortable with.

Optimize asset allocation: Asset allocation is a key element in diversifying your portfolio intelligently. A well-balanced asset allocation strategy involves spreading your investments across various asset classes such as equity, debt, cash, gold and alternative investments. The allocation must be based on your risk tolerance, investment goals, and time horizon. Consider diversifying not only within asset classes, but also across investment vehicles to minimize risk. Regularly review and rebalance your asset allocation to help maintain an optimal mix that aligns with your objectives.

Embrace geographical diversification: Geographical diversification is essential to mitigate country-specific risks and capitalize on global opportunities. Investing in different regions allows you to reduce exposure to any single country’s economic or political events. Consider allocating a portion of your portfolio to international equity, bonds, or exchange-traded funds gain exposure to diverse markets. Conduct thorough research on an economy’s fundamentals, political stability, and market performance, to make informed decisions and maintain a balanced geographic allocation.

Sector and industry diversification: Diversified funds will usually incorporate various sectors, therefore the retail investors should go with diversified categories.Why is this important? Diversifying across sectors and industries is vital to avoid concentration risk. Different sectors and industries perform differently depending on the economic conditions and market cycles. By investing in a range of sectors, such as technology, healthcare, finance and consumer goods, among others, through a diversified equity fund, you can position your portfolio to benefit from growth opportunities while reducing exposure to any single sector’s volatility. Mature investors may select sector-specific funds as per their risk appetite, but going with sector-specific funds requires you to stay updated on industry trends and evaluate the sector-specific risks.

Incorporate alternative investments: Including alternative investments in your portfolio can further enhance diversification. Alternative investments, such as private equity, real estate, hedge funds, or commodities, offer low correlation with traditional asset classes. These investments can provide a source of stable returns that are less dependent on the stock market’s performance. However, it is crucial to carefully evaluate the risks, liquidity, and potential returns associated with each alternative investment before allocating a portion of your portfolio. Again, this may not be a suitable asset class for all types of investors.

Regular monitoring and rebalancing: Diversification of your portfolio requires continuous monitoring and rebalancing. Regularly review the performance of all the assets in your portfolio, assess the progress towards your investment goals, and make necessary adjustment. Rebalance the portfolio by selling outperforming assets and adding to underperforming ones to maintain your desired asset allocation. Regular monitoring also allows you to stay informed about the market trends, economic indicators, and changes that may impact your investments, allowing you to make informed decisions in a timely manner.

So, following various diversification strategies is essential to optimize your investment portfolio. By understanding your risk profile and spreading your investments across different markets and asset classes, along with rebalancing at regular intervals, you can build a well-diversified portfolio. A portfolio where the underlying asset classes have less corelation with each other can help investors build a resilient portfolio to weather volatile phases of markets, as well as capitalize on market upside.

Nisreen Mamaji is founder of MoneyWorks Financial Services

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Updated: 08 Jun 2023, 10:42 PM IST
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