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Business News/ Money / Personal Finance/  Personal Loan Agreement: What is it and what does it consist? MintGenie explains

Personal Loan Agreement: What is it and what does it consist? MintGenie explains

Personal Loan Agreement: A personal loan document facilitates a clear understanding of expectations for both the borrower and lender. Additionally, a personal loan contract may specify whether the arrangement involves collateral.

Look well at the personal loan agreement before signing it.Premium
Look well at the personal loan agreement before signing it.

Personal Loan Agreement: The importance of a personal loan agreement cannot be overstated as the purpose of the document is to protect the interests of both the lender and the borrower. 

A personal loan agreement or a personal loan contract, is a legally binding document that delineates the terms and conditions of a loan between a borrower and a lender (such as a bank or credit union). This document essentially details the rights and responsibilities of both parties engaged in the loan.

A typical personal loan agreement generally encompasses the following essential elements:

  • Loan amount: The precise sum of money you are borrowing.
  • Interest rate: The annual percentage rate (APR) applied to your borrowing, encompassing the base interest rate set by the lender and any additional fees incorporated into the APR.
  • Repayment schedule: This outlines the monthly repayment amount and the duration (loan term) over which you are obligated to repay the loan.
  • Late payment fees: Charges imposed if you fail to make a timely loan payment.
  • Prepayment penalties: Fees that may be applicable if you decide to repay the loan before the agreed-upon term.
  • Default conditions: The consequences in case of failure to meet loan payment obligations, such as late payments exceeding a specified duration or the total amount due.
  • Your responsibilities: This could involve utilising the loan funds for the designated purpose outlined in the application (if applicable) and promptly updating the lender about any changes to your contact information.
  • Lender’s responsibilities: This usually outlines how the lender will manage your loan payments and the communication protocol they will follow to update you about the loan.

It’s essential to thoroughly review the agreement before signing. If anything is unclear, don’t hesitate to ask questions. Certain lenders may be open to negotiating specific terms, particularly fees. Additionally, make sure to retain a copy of the signed agreement for your records.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What loan repayment choices are accessible?

The majority of personal loans involve fixed monthly installments over a predetermined term. Certain lenders might provide alternatives for bi-weekly payments.

Q. What occurs in the event of a missed loan payment?

Failure to make a payment will result in a late payment fee and potential damage to your credit score. If you encounter difficulties in repaying, contact your lender at the earliest opportunity.

Q. Which charges accompany personal loans?

Typical fees comprise processing fees, origination fees, prepayment penalties, late payment penalties, application fees, and credit check fees. Ensure you compare these fees across different lenders.

Q. Does assessing my loan eligibility harm my credit score?

Numerous lenders provide pre-qualification tools enabling you to check your loan eligibility without affecting your credit score.

Q. What paperwork is necessary for an online personal loan application?

Typically, you’ll need to provide ID proof, address proof, income proof (such as salary slips or bank statements), and sometimes tax returns. Certain lenders may request additional documentation.


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Published: 11 Mar 2024, 05:16 PM IST
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