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Business News/ Money / Personal loans: What credit information do lenders look at when assessing applications?
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Personal loans: What credit information do lenders look at when assessing applications?

Lenders act as detectives when you apply for a personal loan; they look up your credit history to assess your reliability.

Are you aware of the credit information that lenders look at for personal loans?Premium
Are you aware of the credit information that lenders look at for personal loans?

Lenders analyse your credit information thoroughly to evaluate your creditworthiness when you apply for a personal loan. Lenders frequently review the following credit information:

  • Credit score: Your credit score is a number that indicates how creditworthy you are; it typically ranges from 300 to 850. A higher score denotes better credit standing.
  • Credit report: This complete report includes:
  1. The different types of credit accounts you have, including loans and credit cards.
  2. The percentage of your credit limit that you are currently using is known as your credit utilisation ratio. A reduced ratio suggests prudent handling of credit.
  3. A history of all of your past payments, including delinquencies, late payments, and on-time payments.
  4. Details about judgments, foreclosures, and bankruptcies that may lower your credit score.
  • Work and income: Reliable employment and a steady income show that you can repay your loans.
  • Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI): This ratio evaluates the difference between your gross monthly income and all of your monthly debt obligations. A lower DTI indicates a higher debt-handling capacity.

With the use of this data, lenders can ascertain the following:

  • Lenders want to know that you will make timely and complete loan repayments. Your past credit card and loan repayment behavior is reflected in your credit history. A history of on-time payments lowers the lender's risk and shows responsibility.
  • The interest rate you will be given is significantly influenced by your credit score, which is an essential part of your credit report. You can save money on the total cost of the loan by having a lower interest rate when your credit score is higher.
  • Minimum credit score requirements may be established by lenders. Loans may be denied if these requirements are not met.

Gaining knowledge of the credit data that lenders evaluate and making steps to improve your creditworthiness will help you obtain a loan and be eligible for reduced interest rates.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Where can I check my credit score to determine my eligibility for personal loans?

You can obtain your credit score from various sources:

  • Free credit report: You are entitled to a free credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) annually.
  • Credit card company or bank: Many credit card companies and banks offer free credit score monitoring as a benefit to their customers.
  • Credit reporting services: Some credit reporting services offer free or paid credit score monitoring. Be cautious of services that require your credit card information upfront.

Q. How long will it take to increase my credit score?

The severity of your credit issues will dictate how long it takes to improve your credit score. In just a few months, positive changes like timely payments can begin to raise your credit score. A bad credit history can take a year or two to repair, though.

Q. How can a personal loan be put to use?

Personal loans are flexible and can be utilised for many different things.

  • Debt consolidation makes loan repayment easier by combining several high-interest loans into one with a lower interest rate.
  • Home improvement loans provide money for your house's upkeep or repairs.
  • Unexpected expenses like covering the cost of emergency auto repairs, prescription drugs, or other necessities.
  • Major purchases including paying for the cost of a surgery, a new appliance, or other significant purchases.

Q. Paperwork needed when applying for a personal loan.

Depending on the lender, different documents may be needed for a personal loan application, but the following is a general list of what is usually needed:

Evidence of residency and identity

  • A passport can be used in certain situations as official identification and proof of residency.
  • Identifiers such as driver's licenses or official government IDs are used.
  • Voter ID cards are an additional acceptable form of identity.
  • Utility bills for gas, water, and electricity as evidence of residency, present a recent bill (within the last three months).
  • Bank statements can occasionally be used to confirm a resident's identity.

Evidence of employment and income

  • Pay stubs to verify your income and employment status, the most recent pay stubs—usually from the previous two to three months—are the best choice.
  • You may need to file tax returns (for the previous year) if you are self-employed or if your pay stubs do not accurately reflect your income.
  • Employee verification letter from your employer verifying your employment and income may be required by some lenders.

Extra paperwork (Relying on the lender)

  • Most personal loans are unsecured, meaning no collateral is needed, but for larger loans or borrowers with lower credit scores, some lenders might require collateral, like a car title. You will need supporting documentation if collateral is needed.
  • Bank statements to evaluate your overall financial situation and cash flow.

Q. What happens if I miss a payment on my personal loan?

Your credit score will drop if you miss a payment. Whenever possible, payments must be made on time. Get in touch with your lender if you're having problems; they might be able to help with hardship.

 

 

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Published: 27 May 2024, 02:06 PM IST
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