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Business News/ Money / How to open a joint demat account? Here's a step-by-step guide
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How to open a joint demat account? Here's a step-by-step guide

A joint demat account is an investment account shared by multiple individuals with equal rights. Specific regulations govern joint demat accounts with a maximum of three holders.

A dematerialised (demat) account serves as a digital repository for an investor's financial securities, holding them in electronic form. (Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images/AFP)Premium
A dematerialised (demat) account serves as a digital repository for an investor's financial securities, holding them in electronic form. (Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images/AFP)

Opening and managing a demat account has become more convenient with the widespread availability of mobile trading applications. The process of opening a demat account through a depository participant (DP) is straightforward and akin to opening a bank account.

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A dematerialised (demat) account serves as a digital repository for an investor's financial securities, holding them in electronic form. This account simplifies the storage and management of financial securities, providing investors with ease of use and accessibility.

Also Read: Demat Accounts: What are NSDL and CDSL and what is the difference between the two? MintGenie explains

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The eligibility criteria for opening a demat account in India are flexible. For instance, there is no minimum age requirement for investors interested in trading and opening a demat account. Minors can also have a demat account established on their behalf by their parents or legal guardians.

Having a demat account is essential for individuals looking to participate in the Indian stock market. An individual demat account is owned by a single person, while a joint demat account can be opened by one or more members.

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In this article, we will explore the concept of joint demat accounts, their advantages, and the process of opening one in greater detail.

What is a joint demat account?

A joint demat account is a shared investment account held by two or more individuals, where all account holders possess equal rights and obligations concerning the securities contained within the account. This may encompass stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other financial instruments. 

Typically, joint demat accounts are established by spouses, family members, or business partners seeking to amalgamate their investments for collaborative management.

Several specific regulations govern joint demat accounts compared to individual demat accounts. 

Firstly, a joint demat account can accommodate a maximum of three account holders, with one designated as the primary holder and the others as secondary holders. Additionally, all account holders must be at least 18 years old, and once a demat account is opened, the names of the account holders cannot be altered.

Also Read: Can I participate in an IPO without a demat account? MintGenie answers

Furthermore, the annual maintenance charges (AMC) for a joint demat account are collectively borne by the account holders, eliminating the need for individual payments. Comprehensive personal details and documentation for each account holder are mandatory for account setup. 

Moreover, the primary account holders are responsible for tax obligations on profits generated from transactions conducted through the joint demat account.

In the unfortunate event of one account holder's demise, ownership of the account automatically transfers to the surviving account holder(s). This provision ensures continuity and seamless management of investments within the joint demat account.

Also Read: Can I hold bonds and mutual funds in my demat account? Mintgenie explains

Steps to open a joint demat account

Step 1: Apply with a depository participant

The first step in opening a demat account is to choose a reliable and reputed DP. Just as selecting the right bank account is crucial for seamless banking transactions, choosing the appropriate depository participant (DP) is equally important for your demat account.

Also Read: Demat account: How to choose the right depository participant? Here are the important factors to consider

A depository participant serves as an intermediary between investors and the depository, overseeing transactions and account management. In India, DP services are provided by scheduled commercial banks, registered financial institutions, and stock brokers.

Step 2: Submit KYC documents

Provide the necessary KYC documents, such as the Aadhaar card and PAN card, to the depository participant. Remember, each account holder must furnish their respective KYC documents for verification purposes.

Step 3: Complete in-person verification

For joint demat accounts, all account holders must undergo in-person verification. The in-person verification aims to check whether the actual details of all account holders match the information they provided to the DP. 

Step 4: Account activation

Following the successful completion of the previous steps, your joint demat account will be activated and ready for use.

Also Read: Demat Account: What is a depository and what is its role?

Step 5: Start trading

Once you receive your account credentials, you can commence trading securities without delay. 

What are the advantages of having a joint demat account?

Shared Ownership: A joint demat account allows multiple individuals to share ownership of securities held within the account, fostering collaborative investment decisions.

Convenience: Joint account holders can collectively manage and monitor their investments, streamlining the decision-making process and reducing the administrative burden.

Estate Planning: In the event of the demise of one account holder, the ownership of the account automatically transfers to the surviving account holder(s), facilitating smoother estate planning and asset distribution.

Cost Efficiency: Joint demat accounts may offer cost savings compared to individual accounts, as account maintenance fees and other charges can be shared among multiple account holders.

Access to Diverse Investments: Joint account holders can pool their resources to access a wider range of investment opportunities, diversifying their portfolio and potentially enhancing returns.

FAQs

What distinguishes a demat account from a joint demat account?

An individual demat account is solely owned by one person, whereas a joint demat account is collectively owned by multiple individuals.

What happens to a joint demat account in the event of the demise of one account holder?

In the unfortunate event of one account holder's passing, the ownership of the joint demat account automatically transfers to the surviving account holder(s).

Is it possible to convert a single demat account into a joint account?

No, it is not possible to convert a single demat account into a joint account. If you wish to open a joint account, you must initiate the process by opening a new demat account.

How many demat accounts can be opened with one PAN card?

You can open multiple demat accounts using one PAN card. However, each demat account must be opened with a different broker. Therefore, you can have multiple demat accounts, each associated with a different broker, using the same PAN card.

Who is the primary holder of a joint demat account? 

In a joint demat account, the primary holder is typically the individual who initiates the account opening process or is designated as such during the application. The primary holder has primary authority over the account and may be responsible for making decisions regarding transactions, withdrawals, and other account-related activities.

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Published: 22 Apr 2024, 06:31 PM IST
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