Your Questions Answered: What are the pros and cons of investing in index funds tracking the Nifty Consumption Index?

Investing in mutual funds tracking Nifty Consumer Index provides diversification, stability, cost-effectiveness, and growth potential, but poses sector concentration risk and taxation implications based on holding duration for equity funds.

First Published5 Jun 2024
Nifty Consumer Index reflects India's consumer market potential.
Nifty Consumer Index reflects India’s consumer market potential.

Q. I run a small dry fruit wholesale business in Jammu. My wife is a teacher working with a government school. We have been investing in debt funds and large cap funds for the past 10 years. However, we now wish to diversify, we intend to invest in consumption-focused index mutual funds. Some of my acquaintances have suggested that we should invest in index funds tracking Nifty Consumption Index, can you please elaborate on its constituents and the pros and cons of investing in index funds tracking the Nifty Consumption Index?

Ajeet Dogra, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir

Investors looking at the Nifty Consumer Index are presented with a strategic approach to investing in the essential sectors that fuel India's everyday life. The index's performance is closely watched by market enthusiasts and investors, as it provides insights into the consumer sector's health, which is a significant contributor to India's gross domestic product.

The index offers exposure to top gainers and steady performers in the consumption space, making it an attractive option for those seeking to tap into India's growth story. With companies like Britannia, Havells, and Colgate-Palmolive, the index is home to some of the most trusted and well-established brands in the country.

Also Read: What is the Nifty 100 Low Volatility 30 Index and its pros and cons?

Eligibility criterion 

The Nifty Consumer Index is a significant indicator of India's consumption sector's performance, encompassing a diverse portfolio of companies. If you're a company looking to be part of this prestigious index, or an investor interested in the criteria used to select these companies:

Company's Base: To be considered for the Nifty Consumer Index, a company must be domiciled in India and registered on the National Stock Exchange (NSE). This ensures that the index accurately reflects the performance of the Indian consumption sector.

Market Capitalization and Turnover: A key criterion is the company's ranking within the top 800 based on both average daily turnover and average full market capitalization. These factors are assessed over the last six months, highlighting the importance of consistent financial performance and liquidity.

Sectoral Representation: Companies must form an integral part of the consumption sector. This includes industries such as Consumer Non-durables, Healthcare, Auto, Telecom Services, Pharmaceuticals, Hotels, Media & Entertainment, among others. The index aims to represent the broad spectrum of consumer activities in the domestic market.

Domestic Revenue: More than 50% of a company's revenue should come from domestic markets, excluding export income. This criterion emphasises the focus on companies that primarily cater to the domestic consumption demand.

Liquidity Measures: Liquidity is another crucial aspect, measured by the average impact cost. Stocks traded must have high liquidity to ensure they can be bought and sold easily without causing significant price changes.

Newly Listed Securities: For newly listed securities, the eligibility criteria are checked based on data for a one-month period instead of the usual six-month period. This provides a faster track for new companies demonstrating significant market activity to be included in the index.

Index Methodology: The Nifty Consumer Index methodology document provides a comprehensive overview of the criteria and is an essential resource for companies aiming to be included. It details the index's design, including the selection process and maintenance of the index constituents.

Also Read: What are pros and cons of investing in Nifty MidSmallcap400 Momentum Quality 100 Index?

Challenges and Considerations

While the Nifty Consumer Index presents an opportunity, it also comes with its set of challenges. The consumption sector can be sensitive to economic cycles, and factors such as inflation, interest rates, and consumer confidence play a crucial role in shaping the index's trajectory. Investors need to be mindful of these macroeconomic indicators and their potential impact on the index.

Moreover, the index's performance is also a reflection of the regulatory environment, taxation policies, and government initiatives aimed at boosting consumer spending. Any changes in these areas can have a direct effect on the companies listed in the index and, by extension, on the index itself.

The Nifty Consumer Index is a stock market index that represents the performance of the consumer goods and services sector of the Indian economy. It is designed to reflect the behaviour and performance of the non-cyclical consumer sector, which includes industries such as consumer goods, consumer services, telecom, services, media, entertainment, publication, textiles, and others. This index is particularly interesting for investors who are looking to tap into the consumer market's potential. 

Also Read: What is the difference between mutual funds tracking Nifty Bank Index and Nifty PSU Bank Index?

Here, we delve into the pros and cons of the Nifty Consumer Index to provide a detailed overview for potential investors.


Diversification and Stability: One of the primary advantages of investing in a mutual fund tracking the Nifty Consumer Index is the diversification it offers. The consumer sector is broad and encompasses a variety of industries, from food and beverages to household and personal products. By investing in a mutual fund that mirrors the Nifty Consumer Index, investors gain exposure to a basket of consumer stocks, which can help mitigate risk and provide a more stable investment compared to individual stock picks.

Performance and Growth Potential:  Historically, the consumer sector in India has shown resilience and steady growth, thanks to the country's growing middle class and increasing disposable incomes. This trend is captured by the Nifty Consumer Index, which has consistently delivered competitive returns over the years. 

Cost-Effectiveness: Another benefit of investing in a mutual fund tracking the Nifty Consumer Index is cost-effectiveness. Index funds typically have lower expense ratios compared to actively managed funds, making them an attractive choice for cost-conscious investors. This is because index funds are passively managed and aim to replicate the performance of the index, thereby incurring lower management fees.

Professional Management: Investors also benefit from the professional management of mutual funds. Fund managers are responsible for ensuring that the fund's portfolio aligns with the index it tracks, adjusting holdings as necessary to account for changes in the index composition. This takes the burden off individual investors who may not have the time or expertise to manage their investments actively.

Liquidity and Flexibility: Mutual funds offer liquidity, allowing investors to buy or sell units of the fund with relative ease. This flexibility is particularly beneficial for those who may need to access their funds without the constraints of lock-in periods that are typical of some other investment vehicles.

Also Read: What is the Nifty India Manufacturing Index and how are they taxed?


Sector Concentration Risk: While diversification within the consumer sector is a pro, the concentration in one sector also poses a risk. If the consumer sector underperforms, it can negatively impact the index.


Mutual funds that track an equity index, such as the Nifty Consumer Index, are classified as equity funds for tax purposes. This classification is significant because it determines how the returns from these funds are taxed. In India, the taxation of equity index funds is contingent on the duration for which the investment is held.

Short-Term Capital Gains (STCG): If the units of an equity index fund are sold within a year of purchase, any profit realised is considered a short-term capital gain. These gains are taxed at a flat rate of 15%, regardless of the investor's income bracket.

Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG): For units held for more than a year, the profits are classified as long-term capital gains. Investors enjoy an exemption on gains up to 1 lakh per financial year. Beyond this threshold, LTCG is taxed at a rate of 10%. It's important to note that there is no benefit of indexation for equity funds, which means the purchase price is not adjusted for inflation for the purpose of calculating taxable gains.

Also Read: What is Nifty MidSmall Healthcare Index and how is it different from Nifty Healthcare Index?

Tax planning is an integral part of investing in mutual funds. By understanding the tax implications of different types of funds, investors can better manage their portfolios and potentially enhance their after-tax returns. It's always recommended to consult with a financial advisor or tax professional to navigate the complexities of mutual fund taxation.

The Nifty Consumer Index is more than just an investment instrument; it's a mirror to the Indian economy's consumer segment. It offers a window into the lives of millions of Indians, their consumption patterns, and the companies that meet their daily needs. For investors, it's a chance to be part of India's growth narrative, while for analysts, it's a tool to gauge the health of the consumer market.

As India continues to grow and its middle class expands, the Nifty Consumer Index will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in showcasing the potential and opportunities within the country's consumption sector. It's an index that not only measures performance but also tells the story of a nation on the move.

In conclusion, the Nifty Consumer Index offers an interesting opportunity for investors who are bullish on the consumer sector of the Indian economy. Its consistent performance and favourable Sharpe ratios make it an attractive option for those seeking stability and growth. However, investors must also consider the risks associated with sector concentration and market capitalization bias. As with any investment, it is crucial to align the choice of index with one's investment goals, risk tolerance, and portfolio strategy.

Disclaimer: Investing in mutual funds involves risks, including potential loss of principal. Please consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Kuvera is a free direct mutual fund investing platform.


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