Infrastructure development along the India-China border:
A second subject to come up for deliberation is the improvement of infrastructure -- roads and railways -- along India’s northern borders with China. India and China were engaged in a tense 73-day-long standoff along their common border in 2017. The faceoff was seen as a result of the differing interpretations of the two countries of where they perceive their border to be. Both countries have held many rounds of talks to settle their border – a legacy of their brief but bitter border dispute in 1962 that ended badly for India – but haven’t been able to resolve the problem. Last April, Prime Minister Narendra Modi travelled to the Chinese city of Wuhan for a summit meeting President Xi Jinping aimed at stabilising ties after the military standoff, seen as the most tense in recent years. Relations between the two countries have improved since then with three ministerial visits from China following Modi’s visit. The stabilising of ties notwithstanding, India has moved to improve infrastructure connectivity along its borders with China. In February, Modi laid the foundation stone for the Sela Pass tunnel that aims to cut down travel time to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, from Tezpur in Assam, by at least two hours. Tezpur is where the Indian Army's IV Corps is based. China claims most of Arunachal Pradesh as part of its territory.