This will be the first initiative of private investment for running passenger trains over Indian Railways network, the railway ministry said
Indian Railways will choose private entities through a two-stage competitive bidding process — Request for Qualification (RFQ) and Request for Proposal (RFP)
Indian Railways today said it has invited proposals from private companies to run 151 modern passenger trains. The railways will shortlist bidders to run train operations on 109 pairs of routes across the country. The project would entail private sector investment of about ₹30,000 crore, the Indian Railways said in a statement. This will be the first initiative of private investment for running passenger trains over Indian Railways network, the railway ministry said.
"The objective of this initiative is to introduce modern technology rolling stock with reduced maintenance, reduced transit time, boost job creation, provide enhanced safety, provide world class travel experience to passengers, and also reduce demand supply deficit in the passenger transportation sector," the railways said.
All you need to know about Indian Railways' new plan to run private trains
1) Indian Railways has prepared a list of around 100 routes for the introduction of 150 private trains across India. The 100 routes have been split into 10-12 clusters.
2) Mumbai-New Delhi, Chennai to New Delhi, New Delhi to Howrah, Shalimar to Pune, New Delhi to Patna are some of the routes where the private trains will operate. Once the dedicated freight corridors will be completed in 2021, additional paths will be available for operation of passenger trains on some routes.
3) Each new train shall have a minimum of 16 coaches. The maximum number of coaches shall not exceed the longest passenger train operating on the respective route. Passengers trains are allowed to run on a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
4) Niti Aayog draft said the time taken by a private train to complete a path shall be comparable to the fastest train of Indian Railways operating on that path with a variation of plus or minus 10%.
5) Private trains running on a particular route will have a head start of 15 minutes on other trains running on the same route. "No similar scheduled regular train will depart in the same origin destination route within 15 minutes of the scheduled operation of the concessionaires (private players) train," the document said.
6) Private entities are encouraged to use the latest technologies and top quality features in the trains. From passenger safety to modern GPS enabled announcement system, Indian Railways has made a list of the new technologies that private trains may include in them:
a) Private trains should have modern design bogies, stainless steel exteriors or aluminum exteriors and brake system. Improved safety features with fire retardant interiors, modern couplers with anti-climbing features must be there.
b) Trains must have folding steps for easy access of physically challenged passengers.
c) GPS-enabled passenger announcement system for on-board announcements for station arrivals, time to next station or destination, safety announcements should be included as well.
d) Private trains must ensure optimum passenger comfort through use of bogies with superior ride index, efficient air conditioning with automatic temperature and humidity control, superior interiors and toilets.
7) The private entity will have the last say on deciding the fare on a particular route. They shall be responsible for financing, procuring, operation and maintenance of the trains.
8) The safety certification of the rakes before each commercial service shall be done by Indian Railways based on the safety parameters indicated by Indian Railways.
9) Indian Railways will choose private entities through a two-stage competitive bidding process — Request for Qualification (RFQ) and Request for Proposal (RFP). RFQ process will be for pre-qualification and shortlisting of bidders based on their technical and financial capacity who will be required to offer a fixed price bid at RFP stage for undertaking the project.
10) Last year, Indian Railways commissioned IRCTC to run private trains on its routes. India's first private train IRCTC Tejas Express was introduced on Delhi Lucknow route. To improve punctuality and passenger experience, IRCTC has introduced a host of new features with the Tejas Express.