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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Friday issued guidelines for the management of Monkeypox disease.

As per the ministry's guidelines, international passengers should avoid close contact with sick people, contact with dead or live wild animals and others.

The guidelines also advise the international travellers from eating or preparing meat from wild game (bushmeat) or using products (creams, lotions, powders) derived from wild animals from Africa.

International passengers should also avoid contact with contaminated materials used by sick people such as clothing, bedding or materials used in healthcare settings, or that came into contact with infected animals, said the ministry's guidelines.

In addition, people who develop symptoms suggestive of monkeypox like fever and skin rash and were in an area where monkeypox has been reported or had come in contact with a person who might have monkeypox have been advised to immediately consult the nearest health facility. 

The guidelines came a day after India reported first laboratory confirmed case of Monkeypox in Kerala from Kollam district after which union health ministry has rushed a multi-disciplinary team of experts to collaborate with the state health authoritites in instituting public health measures, the union health ministry informed on Thursday.

As Kerala Health Department confirmed the first case of Monkeypox in India, The Indian government deployed a multi-disciplinary team to the southern state to tackle the outbreak of this rare disease that now World Health Organisation (WHO) categorises as a pandemic. The man had reached the southern state on 12 July via Trivandrum airport.

“In view of report of confirmation of a case of Monkeypox disease from Kollam district, Kerala, it has been decided to depute the following multi-disciplinary Central Team to support State Goverment of Kerala in investigating the outbreak and institute requisite public health measures" an official statement read.

The Central team consists of Dr P Ravindran, Advisor, MoHFW, Dr Sanket Kulkarni, Joint Director, NCDC, Dr. Arvind Kumar Achra, Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Dr. RMLH, Dr. Akhilesh Thoke, Dermatologist, Dr. RMLH, New Delhi.

“The team will assist the State Health authorities of Kerala in outbreak containment and report every evening by 5 PM on the public health activities being undertaken to DM Cell, MoHFW (ddgdmoell mohfw@gov.in) besides sharing the same with the State government", the official statement confirmed.

The Central teams will depart latest by Friday,15 July, 2022.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although it is clinically less severe.

Monkeypox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus. It is usually a self-limited disease with symptoms lasting from two to four weeks, WHO said.

 

 

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