Home >News >India >Home ministry, Isro team up to boost internal security surveillance system
Satellite images of Qatar captured by space agency Isro’s Cartosat-3. The government has not yet disclosed the name of the satellite that will be used for the surveillance project.
Satellite images of Qatar captured by space agency Isro’s Cartosat-3. The government has not yet disclosed the name of the satellite that will be used for the surveillance project.

Home ministry, Isro team up to boost internal security surveillance system

  • Home ministry and Isro scientists are working on a project that uses satellite imagery to man all sensitive areas
  • The ministry, in collaboration with the Isro, is working on a state-of-the-art surveillance system

NEW DELHI : Space scientists, defence researchers and the home ministry are preparing satellite maps of all sensitive areas, a project that will set India’s security parameters several notches higher.

In tandem, the Indian Army, too, has beefed up its anti-infiltration grid along the Pakistan border, while the Border Security Force (BSF) has stepped up surveillance along the border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. However, infiltration from across the border along the Line of Control remains a threat.

Senior home ministry officials familiar with the development said the ministry, in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro), is working on a state-of-the-art surveillance system.

“There will be constant surveillance at all areas of interest, particularly sensitive border areas where infiltration attempts are higher. All such areas will be optically visible—this means that areas that are all above ground will be manned by the satellite," said a an official, requesting anonymity.

While the modalities of the project are still being finalized, the ministry’s Technical Consultancy Group is marking out areas which will be under satellite surveillance.

“The next war will be cyber warfare. We are developing capabilities in this regard. We are also involving and upgrading ourselves on space technology, UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicle), surveillance technologies, etc., so that we are ready for the future," Central Reserve Police Force director general A.P. Maheshwari said.

A second home ministry official said the government was “capitalizing on all available technologies to ramp up internal security surveillance".

“The satellite imagery will have the capability to zoom into the most remote corners, using highly sophisticated technology so that any suspicious movement can be tracked by security forces," he added.

Isro did not reply to queries till press time.

Experts said such high resolution data will bolster India’s ability to man border areas. “Data indigenization is the most crucial element in achieving and maintaining data sovereignty. The entire chain of command will operate from one map sheet so to say," said D.P.K Pillay, former Indian Army officer and research fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

The home ministry did not disclose the name of the satellite that will be used. However, earlier this month, Isro’s Cartosat-3 satellite, launched in November 2019, released images of sites in Qatar, which were captured by its panchromatic (PAN) cameras.

Cartosat-3 has PAN cameras with a ground resolution of 25cm, the highest-ever achieved by India. This means that the satellite can detect a feature of that size (25cm) from a height of 506km, where the Cartosat-3 is placed.

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