India is not being overrun by immigrants
Long-delayed data from the mammoth 2011 census offers hard evidence to answer politically volatile questions
The number of Indian residents born outside the country fell from 6.2 mn to 5.3 mn between 2001 and 2011, taking the immigration rate down from 0.6% to 0.4%
Anti-immigrant and Islamophobic sentiments rage across the world, from North America and Europe to China and India. Both those sentiments merged together in India with the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, which sought to offer immigrants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh a path to citizenship, as long as they were not Muslim. With the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) promising to turn the Bill into law in its 2019 poll manifesto, religion firmly and decisively entered into the lexicon of Indian citizenship.