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NEW DELHI : With 2020—a year that once seemed futuristic enough for policymakers to set it as a target for transformation at scale—just days away, Mint has been inviting thought leaders, heads of companies and policymakers to share five ideas that will impact the decade ahead. Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, tells Shreya Nandi why mobility of the future must be shared, connected and zero-emission.

TECHNOLOGY AS A DISRUPTOR

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the future of technology. It is transformative and revolutionary, with the potential to be disruptive across all aspects of human existence. For India, the GDP increment by 2035 is targeted at $957 billion, or 1.3 percentage points. This would have a multiplier effect across the ecosystem. We have startups that ensure innovation, growth, jobs, and are helping turn India into the startup capital of the world.

BENEFITS OF REAL-TIME GOVERNANCE

The aspirational districts programme has shown how real-time governance leads to healthy competition and collaborative federalism. Through real-time governance, performance, transparency and accountability will be ensured, and it will be there for all to see. This is maximum governance at its most effective—incentivizing best practices, and inhibiting the status quo mindset.

CLEARING PENDENCY IN THE COURTS

To clear the backlog of cases, we need to think outside the box. The government’s initiatives, including facilitating alternative dispute resolution, and decriminalizing provisions of applicable statutes, will help take matters outside the courts and reduce the burden of backlog. The use and application of technology including AI to assist judges in routine functions could ease blockages.

CONNECTED, ZERO- EMISSION MOBILITY

India is the fourth largest auto market and has space for innovation. With technology being prioritized, innovative business models will make mobility accessible, inclusive and safe. The mobility of the future must be shared, connected and zero-emission. India needs to prioritize shared transportation and turn to sunrise industries that can help combat pollution, reduce congestion, and create jobs.

THE NEED FOR SMART URBANIZATION

Indore Municipal Corporation’s practices should be replicated in every municipality. It has ensured 100% household waste segregation. It has accomplished all this through comprehensive stakeholder participation. This integration of municipal bodies, civil society organizations, private sector, and citizens is a flagship model of waste management.

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