What are the symptoms of the Nipah virus disease?
Nipah virus causes severe illness characterized by inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) or respiratory diseases. Other symptoms are fever, altered mental status, severe weakness, headache, respiratory distress, cough, vomiting, muscle pain, convulsion and diarrhea in infected people in general. The case-fatality rate is estimated at 40-75%; however, this rate can vary by outbreak and can be up to 100%. Laboratory diagnosis of a suspected patient can be made by using a combination of tests. In India, testing facility is available at NIV, Pune.