"We don't have any case of Nipah virus as of now, but we're prepared. We have allocated 20 beds in a separate ward in anticipation of the Nipah Virus. All beds are equipped with a multi-para monitor, ventilator, and oxygen support. We have a special team to manage this ward if we receive such a case, we are prepared to manage any complication," Dr Natarajan told ANI.
Dr Natarajan also said that as per the symptoms, the virus is termed as a viral infection so it will manifest as any viral fever symptoms which are fever, body ache, running nose, etc. also respiratory involvement can happen but it may not to the extend of COVID-19.
"It is quite common in children and they can develop sudden drowsiness. In this virus, the Central Nervous system is more affected than the respiratory system," the head of the department stated.
"The virus is basically transmitted from fruit buds, cats, dogs, and domestic pigs, and human to human transmission is also possible and fortunately, we have not received such cases. While testing the nose and throat swab samples are sent in Pune for further investigation, we have to isolate them, we don't have any specific treatment," he further added.
Earlier,a case of Nipah virus has been registered in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu on 6 September, informed the District collector, GS Sameeran.
"One Nipah virus case had been identified in Coimbatore. The health department has issued some instructions including how to identify Nipah, Zika, or Dengue virus. Patients with high body temperature will have to undergo certain procedures and health check-ups," stated GS Sameeran.
GS Sameran reviewed the Nipah Virus monitoring camp at Walayar check post. People coming from Kerala to Tamil Nadu has to go through 13 checkpoints. People with negative RT-PCR reports will be permitted to enter the state.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), Nipah Virus is caused by fruit bats and is potentially fatal to humans as well as animals. Along with respiratory illness, it is also known to cause fever, muscular pain, headache, fever, dizziness, and nausea.
Furthermore, the Centre has advised the locals to follow immediate public health measures including active case search in the family, families, village, and areas with similar topography (especially Malappuram), active contact tracing (for any contacts) during the past 12 days.
The Centre has also called for a strict quarantine of the contacts and isolation of any suspects. Collection and transportation of samples for lab testing.
Earlier in 2018 also, there was a Nipah outbreak in the Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of Kerala.
*With inputs from agencies
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