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Business News/ Economy / November retail inflation eases to 11-month low of 5.88%
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November retail inflation eases to 11-month low of 5.88%

CPI inflation comes within upper limit of RBI’s tolerance band for first time since last December in the wake of a flurry of interest rate hikes

November retail inflation eases to 11-month low of 5.88% (Photo: HT)Premium
November retail inflation eases to 11-month low of 5.88% (Photo: HT)

Retail inflation eased to an 11-month low of 5.88% in November, coming within the upper limit of the Reserve Bank of India’s tolerance band for the first time since last December in the wake of a flurry of interest rate hikes.

Cooling food price inflation contributed to the overall moderation in inflation, data from the ministry of statistics and programme implementation showed. Consumer Price Index (CPI)-based inflation was at 6.77% in October and 4.91% last November.

Much needed respite
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Much needed respite

The data on moderating inflation follows the increase in repo rate by 35 basis points to 6.25% on 7 December, RBI’s fifth increase in eight months. Experts expect another 25 basis points increase in February.

The sharp easing in CPI inflation reflected a base effect led cooling in food inflation and a correction in vegetable prices, said Aditi Nayar, chief economist at rating agency ICRA.

With the sharp correction in food inflation unlikely to sustain at a similar pace, December inflation is projected at 5.9-6.1%, resulting in an average CPI inflation for the December quarter at 6.2%, well below the estimate pegged by the monetary policy committee for the quarter at 6.6%, Nayar said.

“How much the CPI inflation eases further in December will hold the key to the monetary policy committee’s February policy decision on rates, as the contraction in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is expected to be transitory, reversing after the festive holiday period,“ she said. IIP had contracted 4% in October, dragged down by a 5.6% contraction in manufacturing output.

In response to the inflation data, the finance ministry said in a social media post that the drastic slowing of retail inflation is mainly due to a sharp decrease in food prices. The ministry said consumer food price inflation moderated significantly in November 2022 to 4.67%, which is way lower than the 7.01% recorded in October. The absolute decline in prices of vegetables, ‘oils and fats’ and ‘sugar and confectionery’ contributed significantly to the reduction in food price inflation, it said.

“The measures taken by the government to contain food prices helped bring inflation below the RBI tolerance limit of 6%. To soften the prices of cereals, pulses and edible oils, appropriate trade-related measures have been undertaken. The impact of these measures is expected to be felt more significantly in the coming months," the ministry said. India, like several other countries, imposed export curbs on select commodities to improve domestic supplies and reduced import duty on select edible oils to fight inflation.

“In the case of fuel and lighting, as the government has not altered the taxes; we have not been able to derive any benefit from lower global crude prices. The advantage of the base effect will not be available in December, and we can expect a number above 6.5%. We may expect RBI to continue to increase rates by another 25 bps in February as inflation will be above 6%," said Madan Sabnavis, chief economist at Bank of Baroda.

Experts also said though inflationary pressures are on a declining trend, the war against inflation is not over. The moderation in food inflation is comforting, but it is mostly led by vegetables which are susceptible to weather fluctuations, said Rajani Sinha, chief economist, CareEdge Group. “RBI will remain cautious to prevent inflationary expectations from spiralling upwards," Sinha said.

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Published: 12 Dec 2022, 11:55 PM IST
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