Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led Union Cabinet approved a proposal to update the National Population Register (NPR). The Cabinet has approved ₹3,941.35 crore for the updation of NPR. The NPR was first prepared in 2010 under the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and Citizenship Rules, 2003 and then updated in 2015. In simple words, the NPR is a register of residents of the country. It contains a list of all residents, who have lived at a locality for at least the last six months and plan to stay in that area for the next six months or more.
1) NPR is being prepared at the local (village/sub-town), sub-district, district, state and national level under the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
2) The NPR was first conducted in 2010 by the UPA government led by the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, ahead of Census 2011.
3) NPR exercise will be carried out from April to September 2020 in all the states and union territories except Assam, according to the website of the Office of the Registrar General, and Census Commissioner. Assam has been excluded because the National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise has already been conducted in the state.
4) Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said that people do not need to submit any document to prove their identity. "There is no need of any proof, document and bio-metric as we believe on people. Whatever you will say would be correct,' said Prakash Javadekar. NPR will be on self declaration basis and only head count will be done, Javadekar added.
5) The entire NPR exercise will be conducted by the Office of the Registrar General of India (RGI) under the Union Home Ministry. It will be done before the 2021 census.