RBI dividend in FY25 likely at the same level as FY24

  • Profits reported by state-owned banks were higher during the recently concluded fiscal

Rhik Kundu, Subhash Narayan
Updated13 May 2024, 07:06 AM IST
Profits of state-owned banks have crossed  <span class='webrupee'>₹</span>98,000 crore in the first three-quarters of FY2024 and are likely to exceed  <span class='webrupee'>₹</span>1.3 trillion by FY24 end.
Profits of state-owned banks have crossed ₹98,000 crore in the first three-quarters of FY2024 and are likely to exceed ₹1.3 trillion by FY24 end.(REUTERS)

New Delhi: The dividend that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) transfers to the Central government in FY25 will likely be in the same range or slightly more than in the last fiscal (FY24), two people aware of the matter said.  

Meanwhile, the dividend that the Centre will receive from public sector banks (PSBs) during FY2025 will likely be higher than what it received in FY24 as profits reported by state-owned banks were higher in FY24, as compared to the previous year, the people mentioned above said. 

PSBs in profit

Profits of state-owned banks crossed 98,000 crore in the first three-quarters of FY2024 and are likely to exceed 1.3 trillion by FY24-end.

Also read | Why small public sector banks are on the divestment radar

"The Centre expects dividend income from the RBI during FY25 to remain consistent, at the same level or slightly more as compared to the last year," the first person mentioned above said, requesting anonymity.

"The dividend from PSBs are expected to be over 15,000 crore during FY25," the person added.

The dividend from the RBI is usually released to the Centre in May. 

During FY24, the government had pegged a 17% higher dividend at 48,000 crore from the RBI, public sector banks and financial institutions.

Target surpassed

However, this target was surpassed with the transfer of 87,416 crore as surplus to the Central government for FY2023 by the RBI, which was paid in May 2023 and accounted for in FY2024 by the government.

Also read |  Public sector banks cannot issue look out circular to defaulters, says Bombay HC

The dividend payout from public sector banks for FY24 has been around   15,000 crore.

The vote on the account budget presented in February states that the government expects 1.02 trillion in dividends from the RBI and state-owned banks in FY2025 but doesn't give a breakup.

Meanwhile, the actual dividend from the RBI and state-owned banks could exceed the budgeted targets during FY25 and help the Centre stick to its fiscal deficit glide path and bring down the fiscal deficit to 5.1% in FY25 or even better it, said the second person mentioned above.

Above provisions

"There is a likelihood that the dividend income will be higher than the provisions made in the vote on account budget, similar to last year when the actual dividend proceeds exceeded the budgeted target," the person added.

Also read | Profit of Indian public sector banks surged by 40% in first nine months of FY24; check top performing lenders

Spokespersons of the finance ministry and the RBI didn't respond to emailed queries.

"RBI dividends are understood to be followed basis recommendations of a previous committee report which principally follows a provisioning method for certain risk contingencies beyond which the surplus income is distributed as dividend. As we are aware, over the last couple of years, RBI's income has seen a rise on account of its interest income from holding securities (both foreign and domestic) and on loans provided to commercial banks funding the Indian economy expansion and growth appetite," said Anish Mashruwala, Partner, JSA Advocates and Solicitors.

"In fact due to the recent strengthening of the USD, the forex sales by the RBI have dipped significantly as compared to the previous year and this has dented the potential income on this front. However given the current geo-political realities, I am very bullish on India’s continued upward trajectory and though the upcoming election results will certainly have an impact on the pace of this trajectory, my view is that RBI’s dividend payout for FY25 will continue to remain strong and with higher foreign capital inflows into India, should be higher," Mashruwala added.

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First Published:13 May 2024, 07:06 AM IST
HomeNewsIndiaRBI dividend in FY25 likely at the same level as FY24

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