Home >News >India >States' market borrowings jump 55% to 3.75 trillion so far this fiscal
Rising expenses and falling revenue, including the Centre's inability to pay the GST dues, have been leading states into a debt trap (Photo: Reuters)
Rising expenses and falling revenue, including the Centre's inability to pay the GST dues, have been leading states into a debt trap (Photo: Reuters)

States' market borrowings jump 55% to 3.75 trillion so far this fiscal

The states' market borrowings have jumped 55% to 3.75 lakh crore so far this fiscal, or 75% of the budgeted amount, with 17 of them raising an additional 22,350 crore from the latest auction of state development loans held on Tuesday

MUMBAI : The states' market borrowings have jumped 55% to 3.75 lakh crore so far this fiscal, or 75% of the budgeted amount, with 17 of them raising an additional 22,350 crore from the latest auction of state development loans held on Tuesday.

Rising expenses and falling revenue, including the Centre's inability to pay the GST dues, have been leading states into a debt trap after the pandemic scuppered their finances since the beginning of the fiscal.

The latest debt raising is 1,200 crore more than the notified amount as Maharashtra and Jharkhand accepted an additional 1,000 crore and 200 crore, respectively.

So far this fiscal year (between April 7 and October 6), 28 states and two Union Territories have cumulatively raised 3.75 lakh crore via market borrowings, which is 55% more than the borrowings in the same period of FY20 when it stood at 2.43 lakh crore, according to a data analysis by Care Ratings.

As per the borrowing calendar for the first three quarters this fiscal, the states are to borrow 5.07 lakh crore. States have already borrowed nearly 75% of this amount.

In the first half, their borrowings were 16% ( 48,115 crore) more than the amount as per the borrowing calendar for the period.

The lockdown led a sharp decline in the revenues of the states coupled with higher expenditure requirements to mitigate the impact of the pandemic that has severely pressured their finances.

To meet funding requirements, states have been increasingly resorting to market borrowings. There has been a significant increase in the market borrowings for states so far in the current financial.

While Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan have been the top five borrowing states - accounting for 52% of the total borrowings so far, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh and Tripura saw their borrowing surging between 21 and 343%.

Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Nagaland have seen their market borrowings increase by over 100% from the year-ago period, while Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Haryana, Assam, Uttrakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Chhattisgarh witnessed a rise of 50-100%.

Sikkim, Telangana, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat, Bengal and Mizoram have witnessed an increase of 23-36%.

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