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Mumbai: India's digital disruption poses a relatively low risk to the longstanding market position of its top-tier banks, said S&P Global Ratings on Monday, in its report titled "Tech Disruption In Retail Banking.'

Covid-19 restrictions have been a boost for Unified Payment Interface (UPI) as the value of transactions processed via the UPI almost doubled in June to November 2020 from the same period a year ago.

"We expect this shift in consumer preferences to remain. Rising smartphone penetration, increasing internet connectivity, and the young, tech-savvy demographic segment present vast opportunities in India for existing banks and new players" according Standard & Poor’s (S&P).

The Reserve Bank of India and the government have also been pivotal in laying the foundation and raising the bar for development of fintech in the country and many banks were quick to embrace new technologies to cater to a vast and growing, young, tech-savvy customer base, it said.

"We believe India's top-tier private-sector banks and State Bank of India (SBI) are well-placed to deal with tech disruptions, given their dominant market positions and continued investments in technology," said Deepali Seth-Chhabria, credit analyst, S&P Global Ratings.

Some non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) also made considerable traction in having technology-led banking solutions omnipresent in their core business models. Financial institutions use artificial intelligence and machine learning not only in loan underwriting, but also customer onboarding, cross-selling, servicing, and fraud management, the report said.

"Although we believe the industry's competitive dynamics will continue to evolve, new entrants have failed to make their mark so far. Payment banks in India have less than 1% of the deposit market share and remain unprofitable; restrictive licenses render the model rather unviable," the rating agency added.

China's use of digital payment is quite different from India's, it said, adding that Ant Financial's Alipay and Tencent Holdings Ltd.'s WeChat Pay dominate mobile payments in China, causing deposit leakage from banks as money gets transferred out of the banking system to these wallets.

Back home, mobile payment users are shifting away from e-wallets toward UPI, which dominated the payments market with 51% share in the total number of transactions in October 2020, unlike e-wallets, UPI does not lead to deposits moving out of the banking system, which allows the banking system to maintain an edge in the payment system.

"Collaborations between traditional banks in India and fintech companies are likely to increase. At the same time, we believe traditional banks require considerable investments to upgrade legacy systems," said S&P Global Ratings.

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