NEW DELHI :
The high-level segment of the United Nations' Climate Change Summit began in Madrid, Spain with India urging developed countries to fulfill their pre-2020 commitments before the global stocktaking to review impact of climate action takes place.
Delegates from 200 countries, including India, are attending the 25th Conference of Parties (COP) currently underway in Spain. The meet is crucial as it is expected to finalize the rules governing the 2015 Paris Agreement which formally kicks in next year.
Delivering India's statement at the summit, Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar highlighted that only six countries are on track to meet their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) announced in Paris, and India is leading the pack.
"Has developed world delivered on its promises? Neither their NDCs reflect ambitions nor they have shown willingness to enhance their commitments," he said, stating that developed countries had promised $1 trillion in the last ten years, but not even 2% has materialized.
"This is the time for ownership, time for responsible action. The world that benefited from carbon emissions that made them developed, must repay. Affordable technology development is crucial for developing countries. If we are dealing with a disaster, nobody should profit from it," he emphasized during his address.
India also pushed for building consensus on the Article 6, part of the Paris Agreement which remains the only contentious issue before finalizing the rules for Paris Agreement.
“If this issue is not resolved, the question will hang over next year’s talks too, when countries are expected to realign their emissions-cutting targets on staying within 2 °C rise in global average temperatures above pre-industrial levels," said Karan Mangotra, Associate Director of Earth Science and Climate Change Division at The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI) discussing India's stance at the summit.
The negotiations during the first week were marred by disagreements over Article 6 and how carbon credits are to be counted and countries be credited for meeting their pre-2020 carbon targets while assessing their future targets.
India also called for the need of more joint research and collaboration and prioritized adaptation as an integral part of climate actions.
“We may over-achieve our NDCs, but India needs to prepare a long-term strategy, which should be beyond power and renewable-energy targets. We have to increase the political visibility of adaptation which has to be support-driven which includes putting in early warning systems, ensuring sustainable livelihood in times of climate-driven migration," said Mangotra.
The two-day segment of the 25th Conference of Parties (CoP) would witness ministers deliberating upon issues that were discussed by the negotiating teams during the first week and arrive at a decision as the two-week long summit ends on December 13.