What a narrowing Hindu-Muslim fertility gap tells us
After nearly 40 years, fertility gap between the two communities has started reducing. It’s another reason why their population shares won’t change radically
The fact that a Muslim household in India, on average, gives birth to more children than a Hindu household is used to peddle fiction of many kinds. One of this is fear-mongering that higher fertility among Muslims can sizeably increase their share in India’s population—and bring down the share of Hindus. New evidence from the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS), conducted in 2015-16, suggests that such fear-mongering is without any basis. The survey data shows that the fertility gap between Hindus and Muslims has narrowed for the first time in many decades.