A shortage of judges is behind the increasing backlog of cases in lower courts across the country, according to National Judicial Data Grid records
New Delhi: India's slow wheels of justice are slowing down the economy. Such is the magnitude of the problem that the last two economic surveys authored by two different chief economic advisers have dedicated entire chapters to it. Much of the discourse around India’s pendency problem focus on the delays in high courts and the Supreme Court. Delay in these courts matter because they deal with high-profile cases but the root of the problem lies in India’s lower courts. Nearly 90% of all pending cases in the country come from India’s lower courts (district and subordinate courts) which are the first port-of-call for most legal disputes.