On this day: Key events held on June 4, from China’s Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989 to first Pulitzer Prize in 1917

On this day: Key events held on June 4, from horrifying Tiananmen Square massacre in China to the first Pulitzer Prize take a look at the key events held in past on this day

Livemint
First Published4 Jun 2024, 06:39 AM IST
On this day: Key events in history on June 4, Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989 to first Pulitzer Prize in 1917
On this day: Key events in history on June 4, Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989 to first Pulitzer Prize in 1917

This day, June 4: The day is a stark reminder of the lengths the Chinese government can go to crush pro-democracy voices in the country. The Chinese government crushed the student-led demonstrations in Tiananmen Square's on June 4, 1989, killing hundreds of people. The day is also remembered for the first Pulitzer Prize for journalistic achievements. It was established with money bequeathed to Columbia University by publisher Joseph Pulitzer. Take a look at the key events held on June 4 in the past.

Tiananmen Square Massacre in China, 1989

The massacre was the result of a series of protests and demonstrations in China between April and June 1989. The pro-democracy protests gained massive support in the country, forcing China government to impose martial law. Beijing's Tiananmen Square has a history of similar protests in the past (like May Fourth Movement). The Chinese government reacted to the growing sentiment for political reform in the country in a way no one could have imagined. On the night of June 3-4, tanks and heavily armed troops advanced toward Tiananmen Square. Within no time, the Army began opening fire on or crushing the protestors, who were their own people. The incident is also known as June fourth incident and remains to be a widely censored topic in China.

First Pulitzer Prize in 1917

The Pulitzer Prizes were first awarded on June 4, 1917, recognising outstanding American journalism and literary works published in 1916. The first Pulitzer Prizes were given in four categories, while the five other categories mentioned in Joseph Pulitzer's bequest did not have winners. The recipients were chosen by the Trustees of Columbia University based on recommendations from expert juries.

Demonstration of the first hot air balloon

The day also holds importance in the development of hot air ballons ride famous world-wide. The first public demonstration was held on June 4, 1783 in Annonay, France. This groundbreaking event was orchestrated by the Montgolfier brothers, Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, who were pioneering inventors and paper manufacturers.

First free and fair elections in Poland, 1989

The day is also remembered for the beginning of the fall of communism in Poland after the landslide victory of the Polish trade union, “Solidarity” in 1989. The elections were held after successful Rount Table Talks held earlier in 1989 between the the Communist government and the opposition, led by the Solidarity movement.

 

Catch all the Business News, Market News, Breaking News Events and Latest News Updates on Live Mint. Download The Mint News App to get Daily Market Updates.MoreLess
First Published:4 Jun 2024, 06:39 AM IST
HomeNewstrendsOn this day: Key events held on June 4, from China’s Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989 to first Pulitzer Prize in 1917

Most Active Stocks

Indian Oil Corporation

166.90
03:58 PM | 12 JUL 2024
-7.6 (-4.36%)

Tata Steel

168.70
03:58 PM | 12 JUL 2024
-0.3 (-0.18%)

Bharat Electronics

333.30
03:59 PM | 12 JUL 2024
-2.25 (-0.67%)

Wipro

560.05
03:56 PM | 12 JUL 2024
25.7 (4.81%)
More Active Stocks

Market Snapshot

  • Top Gainers
  • Top Losers
  • 52 Week High

KPIT Technologies

1,864.00
03:57 PM | 12 JUL 2024
154.25 (9.02%)

Inox Wind

171.90
03:59 PM | 12 JUL 2024
13.85 (8.76%)

Zensar Technologies

768.20
03:29 PM | 12 JUL 2024
50.45 (7.03%)

Coforge

5,950.05
03:29 PM | 12 JUL 2024
386.65 (6.95%)
More from Top Gainers

Recommended For You

    More Recommendations

    Gold Prices

    • 24K
    • 22K
    Bangalore
    74,263.000.00
    Chennai
    74,699.000.00
    Delhi
    74,989.000.00
    Kolkata
    74,190.000.00

    Fuel Price

    • Petrol
    • Diesel
    Bangalore
    102.86/L0.00
    Chennai
    100.75/L0.00
    Kolkata
    104.95/L0.00
    New Delhi
    94.72/L0.00
    OPEN IN APP
    HomeMarketsPremiumInstant LoanMint Shorts