On this day: Key events on June 6, from Operation Blue Star in 1984 to Bihar train accident in 1981

  • On this day: 40th anniversary of Operation Blue Star in 1984, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj crowned king in 1674 at Raigad Fort and more

Written By Karishma Pranav Bhavsar
Updated6 Jun 2024, 10:15 AM IST
On this day: Golden Temple under siege after operation Bluestar in Amritsar, Punjab, India. ( Operation Blue Star )
On this day: Golden Temple under siege after operation Bluestar in Amritsar, Punjab, India. ( Operation Blue Star )

On this day, June 6, Several events unfolded in Indian history right from operation blue star in 1984 to ChaChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was crowned king of the Maratha Empire in 1674. In addition to this, the worst train mishap occured on this day in 1981 when a train plunged into a river while crossing a bridge in Bihar. The death toll of the tragedy ranged between 800-1,000. 

Take a look at the key events that took place on June 6 

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Operation Blue Star in 1984

June 6 marks the 40th anniversary of Operation Blue Star. The Indian Army's Operation Blue Star was carried out was carried out to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, who had taken shelter in the Harmandir Sahib Complex (Golden Temple) in Amritsar, Punjab. The holy site also sustained considerable damage during the operation. Moreover, the operation resulted in casualties on both sides, with Bhindranwale was killed on June 6, 1984. Today, members of the Sikh community also raised slogans inside the Golden Temple premises with posters of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale also seen during the demonstration. 

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj crowned king in 1674

On June 6, 1674, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the renowned Maratha warrior and founder of the Maratha Empire, was crowned king in an elaborate ceremony at Raigad Fort. He was coronated at Raigad by Gagabhatt, a learned pandit of Benaras. This event signified the rise of Maratha power and the establishment of Hindu sovereignty in a region previously dominated by the Mughals and other rulers. On the occasion of the coronation, special coins were minted- a gold coin called hon and a copper coin called shivrai with the legend Shri Raja Shivachhatrapati inscribed on them. Adopting the title of Chhatrapati, meaning "paramount sovereign," Shivaji underscored his authority and the independence of his kingdom. 

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Bihar train accident in 1981

The worst train mishap was in 1981 when a train plunged into Bagmati river while crossing a bridge in Bihar. The death toll of the tragedy ranged between 800-1,000.

Volcano on the Alaska peninsula in 1912

In 1912, Novarupta, a volcano on the Alaska peninsula, began a three-day eruption, sending ash as high as 100,000 feet; it was the most powerful volcanic eruption of the 20th century and ranks among the largest in recorded history.

First Little League baseball game in 1939

In 1939, the first Little League baseball game was played as Lundy Lumber defeated Lycoming Dairy 23-8 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.

Robert Francis Kennedy died in 1968

In 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy passed away at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, 25 and a half hours following the gunshot inflicted by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan.

Israeli forces invaded Lebanon in 1982

In 1982, Israeli troops invaded Lebanon with the aim of expelling Palestine Liberation Organization fighters from the nation. (They subsequently withdrew in June 1985.)

(With inputs from Associated Press)

 

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First Published:6 Jun 2024, 10:15 AM IST
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