The British government has outlined a new immigration system to manage the flow of workers into the country and replace existing rules from 1 January 2021, when Britain will no longer be subject to European Union regulations.
Here are details of the points-based system which will be applied:
Salary for immigrants, skilled workers, Migration Advisory Committee
EU and non-EU workers will be assessed by the same system to determine whether they can enter the country to work. There will be no cap on the number of people who can qualify under the scheme.
The system allows workers whose salary is below a determined 'going rate' (1) for their occupation, or a general 25,600 pound ($33,310) minimum, to still qualify for entry if they have advanced qualifications in their field, or want to work in an industry where there is a shortage of workers.
1. Have a job offer from an approved sponsor
2. Have a job that is deemed to be sufficiently skilled
3. Speak English
In addition, applicants must earn enough points through three additional criteria:
1. Education level
2. How their salary compares with the going rate for the field in which they wish to work
3. Whether there is a shortage of workers in their field
To qualify for entry, an applicant must score 70 points or more. Points are allocated as below:
Offer of job by approved sponsor 20
Job at appropriate skill level 20
Speaks English at required level 10
Above going rate (1) for occupation, or 20
over £25,600 (2) (whichever is higher)
Up to 10% below going rate, or up to 10
10% below £25,600 (whichever is higher)
10-20% below going rate, or 10-20% 0
below £25,600 (whichever is higher)
Job in a shortage occupation (3) 20
Education qualification: PhD in subject 10
relevant to the job
Education qualification: PhD in a STEM 20
(4) subject relevant to the job
The government said in a policy paper that further criteria could be added as the system develops, such as age or experience.
(1) The 'going rate' is an occupation-specific salary threshold. The government's Migration Advisory Committee has recommended this is set at the 25th percentile of the full-time annual earnings distribution for that occupation. Some industries will use different measures.
(2) £25,600 is the general salary threshold
(3) Shortage occupations will be determined by the Migration Advisory Committee.
(4) Science, technology, engineering and mathematics