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Business News/ News / World/  Climate Change: EU wants fossil fuel industry to help pay poorer countries
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Climate Change: EU wants fossil fuel industry to help pay poorer countries

The European Union is set to call for the fossil fuel industry to help pay for fighting climate change in poorer countries under a United Nations target, a draft document shows, as nations prepare for talks this year on a global finance goal

Penguins are seen on an iceberg as scientists investigate the impact of climate change on Antarctica's penguin colonies, on the northern side of the Antarctic peninsula, Antarctica (Photo: Reuters)Premium
Penguins are seen on an iceberg as scientists investigate the impact of climate change on Antarctica's penguin colonies, on the northern side of the Antarctic peninsula, Antarctica (Photo: Reuters)

BRUSSELS : The European Union is set to call for the fossil fuel industry to help pay for fighting climate change in poorer countries under a United Nations target, a draft document shows, as nations prepare for talks this year on a global finance goal.

This year's UN climate negotiations in Baku, Azerbaijan, in November, are the deadline for countries to agree to a new goal of how much wealthy, industrialised nations should pay poorer ones to adjust to the most severe impacts of a hotter world.

Given the spiralling costs of deadly heatwaves, droughts and rising sea levels, the new climate finance target is expected to be far larger than the existing UN commitment of rich countries to spend $100 billion per year from 2020, a target they failed to meet on time.

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A draft statement for a meeting of EU foreign ministers later this month showed the 27-nation country bloc will argue the oil and gas sector should also contribute.

The draft EU statement, which sets out the bloc's priorities for climate diplomacy this year, could change before foreign ministers are due to adopt it later this month.

"Recognising that public finance alone cannot provide the quantum necessary for the new goal, additional, new and innovative sources of finance from a wide variety of sources, including from the fossil fuel sector, should be identified and utilised," the draft statement, seen by Reuters, said.

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Countries must decide in Baku whether the new climate finance goal will comprise only public funding, or also pull in the private sector and international institutions, to try to reach developing nations' fast-growing needs.

The OECD has said poor nations' actual climate investment needs could total $1 trillion per year by 2025.

EU climate policy chief Wopke Hoekstra has said he will try to rally support for international fossil fuel taxes. But the road to any such agreement is steep, given the broad support needed for a global measure.

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Talks at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) last year on a CO2 emissions levy for shipping were opposed by countries including China. IMO negotiations will continue this month.

The draft document also said the EU will continue to demand that large emerging economies and those with high CO2 emissions and per-capita wealth - like China and Middle Eastern states - should pay towards the new UN climate finance goal.

Beijing has staunchly opposed this in past UN climate talks. The question of which countries must pay is expected to be a core issue at this year's COP29 climate summit.

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Published: 04 Mar 2024, 07:59 PM IST
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