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Home / News / World /  Covid-19: Antibodies to lead to next-gen vaccines effective against all Covid strains found. Details here

Covid-19: Antibodies to lead to next-gen vaccines effective against all Covid strains found. Details here

Scientists have identified antibodies that are effective against many different SARS-CoV-2 variants, an advance that paves the way for next-generation vaccines which could protect from different Covid-19 strains. (Bloomberg)Premium
Scientists have identified antibodies that are effective against many different SARS-CoV-2 variants, an advance that paves the way for next-generation vaccines which could protect from different Covid-19 strains. (Bloomberg)

  • The antibodies identified in monkeys by a team at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, US are also effective against other SARS viruses like SARS-CoV-1, the highly lethal virus that caused an outbreak in 2003, as per report

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Paving the way for next-generation Covid-19 vaccines which could protect from different Covid-19 strains have been found by scientists who have identified antibodies that are effective against many different SARS-CoV-2 variants. Notably, the antibodies identified in monkeys by a team at The Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, US are also effective against other SARS viruses like SARS-CoV-1, the highly lethal virus that caused an outbreak in 2003, news agency PTI report said.

Interestingly, the results show that certain animals are more able to make these types of "pan-SARS virus" antibodies than humans, giving scientists clues as to how to make better vaccines and the findings, published on Thursday in the journal Science Translational Medicine, reveal the antibody structures that produce this more comprehensive immune response.

The researchers found these neutralising antibodies recognise a viral region in the spike protein -- which the virus uses to enter and infect the cells -- that is relatively more conserved, according tp the report, which added that this means that the region is present across many different SARS viruses, and is therefore less likely to mutate over time. According to the researchers, the finding may help develop next-generation vaccines that can offer additional protection against emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants and other SARS-related viruses. 

"If we can design vaccines that elicit the similar broad responses that we have seen in this study, these treatments could enable broader protection against the virus and variants of concern," said study senior author Raiees Andrabi, an investigator at The Scripps Research Institute. The researchers immunised rhesus macaque monkeys with the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Two shots were administered, resembling a similar strategy used with currently available vaccines in humans, the report said.

It is important to note that however, unlike the vaccines, the macaques were shown to have a broad neutralising antibody response against the virus, including variants such as Omicron. The scientists found these antibodies recognise a conserved region on the edge of the site where the spike protein binds to host cells, called the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor binding site, the report said.

(With inputs from PTI)

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