Our labour force survey shows a structural crisis of employment
Joblessness is bad enough but underemployment has been worsening as the jobless return to farms
Estimates of employment and unemployment from the third annual round of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) of India’s National Statistical Office (NSO) were released earlier this week. These numbers for July 2019-June 2020 are the third in this series, after 2017-18 and 2018-19. The 2017-18 estimates had shown a sharp rise in unemployment compared to findings of the NSO’s employment-unemployment surveys until 2011-12. This, together with a 15-million decline in the number of workers between 2011-12 and 2017-18, had pointed to the precarious nature of our labour market and a worsening of the employment structure.