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Business News/ Opinion / Columns/  The crypto meltdown’s fallout on the luxury watches market
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The crypto meltdown’s fallout on the luxury watches market

A second-hand sales boom has ended with prices dropping sharply

Salvador Dali’s 1931 artwork The Persistence of Memory (Photo: Alamy stock)Premium
Salvador Dali’s 1931 artwork The Persistence of Memory (Photo: Alamy stock)

The crypto meltdown has claimed its first luxury victim: the Rolex Daytona. After reaching record highs earlier this year, prices for the most desirable watches on the secondary market have now fallen. The global bubble in second-hand timepieces was fuelled by crypto and stock-market gains, stimulus cash and speculation. That is unravelling. So far, demand for new watches is holding up. But the secondary luxury watch market is a stark reminder that the bling boom might not last. In 2021, a combination of roaring stock markets and crypto bolstered wealth and ignited a broader interest in investing in alternative assets, whether non-fungible tokens or timepieces. And when markets began to whipsaw earlier this year, some investors were keen to put their money into more tangible stores of value, such as a Rolex watch. Consequently, a new breed of young timepiece traders joined long-time collectors.

Whether they were novices or old hands, buyers all chased the same famous models. By February or March, the holy trinity of the most hyped watches—the Rolex Daytona, the Patek Philippe Nautilus and the Audemars Piguet Royal Oak—was trading for many multiples of their retail prices.

With the S&P 500 flirting with a bear market and Bitcoin losing about 70% of its value since November, that demand is now evaporating. The biggest reversals have been in the Daytona, Nautilus and Royal Oak—models that experienced the most spectacular gains. Prices are estimated to be about 25% below their peaks. Some brands are faring better, including Cie Financiere Richemont’s Vacheron Constantin and A. Lange & Sohne, as some collectors diversified beyond or were priced out of the most obvious names. Cheaper models, such as Rolex stablemate Tudor, didn’t see the same spikes as top-end marques. And there continues to be market appetite for genuinely rare pieces, as opposed to those perceived as being simply scarce.

While the correction in the secondary market may make it a little cheaper to buy a Rolex now, it might not necessarily make it easier to get hold of one.

Waiting lists for many new models are at least two years long, because not all of the gains in the secondary market have been erased. Buying a Rolex at a store still feels like a bargain. Watches of Switzerland Group, which operates boutiques in the UK and the US, is also seeing supply outstrip demand for some Cartier, Omega and Tudor models.

The secondary market for other luxury goods, such as handbags, is vulnerable to some of the same elements that inflated watch prices. It has also seen an influx of new younger buyers, for example. Yet it has been resilient so far, perhaps because although prices have risen, it has not experienced the same bubble. Nevertheless, what is happening in timepieces may be a taste of things to come in luxury resale and top-end retail stores alike.

Many of the same factors that boosted watches also lifted demand in the primary market for sneakers, bags and fine jewellery. Analysts at Jefferies have estimated that crypto wealth accounted for 25%-30% of growth in US top-end sales last year. Demand is also closely correlated to the stock markets.

Forthcoming results from the big luxury houses will likely show strong US revenues, but the second half of the year will be compared with a period in 2021 when sales were surging. Many Americans are travelling to Europe this summer to take advantage of the strong dollar, transferring their luxury spending to the boutiques of Paris and London. But when they return home this fall, having possibly dipped into their savings, they may be more inclined to pull in their purse strings. Add in the possibility of recession, and the crucial holiday spending season looks more uncertain.

A revival in China might pick up the slack. Luxury stocks rose briefly this week after the country eased quarantine rules for inbound travellers. But for the bling behemoths, as in the luxury watch market, time may be running out. 

Andrea Felsted is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering consumer goods and the retail industry.

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Published: 06 Jul 2022, 10:10 PM IST
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