The world must not wait for one more Hiroshima to regulate AI
- An IAEA-like body is the most viable option for managing the development of dual-use technology
It is telling that the G7 summit in Japan last month was focused on three big issues, of which two were predictably the Ukraine war and the rise of an assertive China. The third was a bit unusual—Artificial Intelligence (AI) and how to regulate perhaps the most powerful technology created by man. It was also significant that the meeting was in Hiroshima, where the most destructive technology created in the 20th century was unleashed. Hiroshima was the ‘Never Again’ moment in nuclear warfare, and it directly led to global regulation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Like nuclear, AI is a dual use technology, promising amazing scientific breakthroughs like curing cancer, but also raising the spectre of a destructive super-intelligence and gross misuse. As AI, particularly Generative AI, races forward, regulation seems to be left far behind. In fact, I have often spoken of the need for humanity to get together to tame this tech before we face another Hiroshima moment in AI.