Adopt sub-federalism as a means to transform urban governance
Let us take the idea of competitive federalism down to the municipal level to improve our cities and achieve national goals
Back in 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had shared his vision of leveraging cooperative and competitive federalism to achieve all-round growth for India. The idea involves redefining the relationship between the Centre and states, such that different states compete with each other in achieving common national goals. At the same time, it stresses the importance of coordination and consensus-building between the Centre and states in achieving those goals. The mantra of cooperative and competitive federalism has been reshaping our governance mechanisms and policymaking across the board. To continue this momentum, the next necessary step would be to foster sub-federalism: that is, extend the idea of competitive federalism to competition between states and cities, and among cities.