Climate action for lives and livelihoods5 min read . Updated: 30 Dec 2021, 03:19 PM IST
- Whether it is the loss of lives due to extreme climate events, or the loss of the ability to sustain livelihoods, the climate crisis hits at the core of modern society — and legitimate governance
In the Arthashastra, Kautilya outlines two functions of the State: Protective and promotive. The State must protect the lives of its citizens, maintain law and order, and redress grievances. It must also promote the material welfare of the people, promote agriculture, industry, the arts, and regulate the means of livelihood. In Confucian thought, the State acts as a guarantor of people’s welfare with its main function to educate and transform the people. Whether it is the guarantee of liberties under the Magna Carta or the civil procedures protecting people and property under the Napoleonic Code, for millennia the role of the State has been about protecting lives and creating the conditions for prosperous livelihoods. Climate change threatens these two functions of the State.
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