The virus has exposed India’s Dickensian urbanization
Abject urban poverty in India suggests that urbanization alone doesn’t offer a path to prosperity
Urbanization is supposed to bring modernity and prosperity. The Western example showed how a mass movement off the farm and into cities went together with great leaps in productivity. The hope that a similar experience would be repeated in late-developing countries resulted in vesting a great deal of hope in cities. The results have been mixed. For some families, the move to a city has been accompanied by steadily rising prosperity, but for many more in India, rising prosperity merely remains an urban illusion.